Using forensic science in major crimes investigation : a preliminary review of limiting factors

  • Chimdia Nwanneka Adaeze EDO

Student thesis: Master's Thesis

Abstract

The utilization of forensic science in the investigation of criminal activities has been shown to have increased over the years especially with the discovery of DNA profiling and the creation of various databases such as the NDNAD and CODIS. Notable advancements in science and technology have contributed to the way forensic science aids criminal investigations. In spite of the increased potential of the use of forensic science in criminal investigations, certain factors such as insufficient forensic training, knowledge and resources appear to limit its effective and efficient use.Major crimes investigations receive more attention in terms of investigative resources due to their severity and the effect they have on the public. These characteristics result in the prioritisation of allocation of resources compared to volume crime investigations. Previous research on the effective and efficient use of forensic science in volume crime investigations identified recurring themes that appeared to hinder the use of forensic science. This research considers these themes and others in relation to major crime investigation. It was found that in addition to themes previously identified in volume crime investigations; information management in major crime investigation appears to impact on the effective and efficient use of forensic science.The CJS is made up of actors such as the police, the courts and other agencies such as the Home Office in the United Kingdom. During investigation of criminal activities especially in major crimes, these actors communicate and collaborate in the bid to achieve effective justice outcomes. However, certain factors seem to hinder effective and efficient communication and collaboration such as organisational cultures and behavioural economics. These factors are explored in terms of their impact on the use of forensic science in major crimes investigations.
Date of Award1 Oct 2014
LanguageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University Of Strathclyde
SupervisorJames Fraser (Supervisor) & (Supervisor)

Cite this