The roles of Thailand Science Park in supporting the development of innovation clusters in Thailand : comparative case study - Thailand Science Park, Surrey Research Park, and Hong Kong Science and Technology Park

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

This thesis investigates the role of Science Parks (SPs) in supporting the development of Innovation Clusters (ICs), with a specific focus on Thailand Science Park (TSP). It adopts a comparative approach, examining the operational strategies of TSP alongside Surrey Research Park (SRP) in the UK and Hong Kong Science and Technology Park (HKSTP). The qualitative methodology is employed; questionnaires were emailed to 58 European and 13 Asian SPs, including SRP and HKSTP, to select two SPs for comparison with TSP. Subsequently, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 53 stakeholders from these three Parks.The study addresses three pivotal questions: Firstly, it explores how SPs in developing countries, like Thailand, differ in their approach to fostering long-lasting ICs compared to those in more developed economies. The research highlights unique challenges such as bureaucratic governance and cultural barriers, drawing lessons from HKSTP's flexible approach and collaborative culture. Secondly, the thesis delves into the management of R&D infrastructure, services, and networking in SPs. It reveals varied strategies across TSP, HKSTP, and SRP, underscoring the need for context-specific approaches in developing countries. Finally, the research examines the essential strategic elements for IC developmentin SPs, focusing on the necessity of support from policymakers and stakeholders in infrastructure, services, and financial backing. This research contributes significantly to the field by providing a comparative strategic analysis of SPs in various economic contexts, identifying strategies to address challenges, and emphasising the importance of public-private partnerships. Additionally, it offers insights into aligning performance indicators with SPs' goals, the criticality of rigorous tenant selection, and the evolving nature of infrastructure and innovation services in SPs.
Date of Award15 Dec 2023
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University Of Strathclyde
SupervisorTim Bedford (Supervisor) & Robert van der Meer (Supervisor)

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