Driven by efficiency benefits, performance optimization and reduced fuel-burn, the aviation industry has witnessed a technological shift towards the broader electrification of on-board systems, known as the More-Electric Aircraft (MEA) concept. Electrical systems are now responsible for functions that previously required mechanical, hydraulic or pneumatic power sources, with a subset of these functions being critical or essential to the continuity and safety of the flight.This trend of incremental electrification has brought along benefits such as reductions in weight and volume, performance optimization and reduced life-cycle costs for the aircraft operator. It has however also increased the necessary engine power offtake and has made the electrical networks of modern MEA larger and more complex. In pursuit of new, more efficient electrical architectures, paralleled or interconnected generation is thought to be one platform towards improved performance and fuel savings.However, the paralleling of multiple generation sources across the aircraft can breach current design and certification rules under fault conditions. This thesis proposes and evaluates candidate interconnecting solutions to minimize the propagation of transients across the interconnected network and demonstrates their effectiveness with reference to current airworthiness standards and MIL-STD-704F power quality requirements.It demonstrates that inductive interconnections may achieve compliance with these requirements and quantifies the estimated mass penalty incurred on the electrical architecture, highlighting how architectural and operating strategies can influence design options at a systems level. By examining the impact of protection operation speed on the electrical network, it determines that fast fault protection is a key enabling technology towards implementing lightweight and compliant interconnected architectures.Lastly, this thesis addresses potential implications arising from alternate standards interpretations within the framework of interconnected networks and demonstrates the impact of regulatory changes on the electrical architecture and interconnecting solutions.
|Date of Award||20 Jun 2018|
- University Of Strathclyde
|Supervisor||Patrick Norman (Supervisor) & Stuart Galloway (Supervisor)|