Constantly increasing experimental possibilities with strongly correlated systems of ultracold atoms in optical lattices and trapped ions make them one of the most promising candidates for quantum simulation and quantum computation in the near future, and open new opportunities for study many-body physics. Out-of-equilibrium properties of such complex systems present truly fascinating and rich physics, which is yet to be fully understood. This thesis studies many-body dynamics of quantum systems with long-range interactions and addresses a few distinct issues. The first one is related to a growing interest in the use of ultracold atoms in optical lattices to simulate condensed matter systems, in particular to understand their magnetic properties. In our project on tilted optical lattices we map the dynamics of bosonic particles with resonantly enhanced long-range tunnelings onto a spin chain with peculiar interaction terms. We study the novel properties of this system in and out of equilibrium. The second main topic is the dynamical growth of entanglement and spread of correlations between system partitions in quench experiments. Our investigation is based on current experiments with trapped ions, where the range of interactions can be tuned dynamically from almost neighboring to all-to-all. We analyze the role of this interaction range in non-equilibrium dynamics. The third topic we address is a new method of quantum state estimation, certified Matrix Product State (MPS) tomography, which has potential applications in regimes unreachable by full quantum state tomography. The investigation of quantum many-body systems often goes beyond analytically solvable models; that is where numerical simulations become vital.The majority of results in this thesis were obtained via the Density Matrix Renormalization Group (DMRG) methods in the context of the MPS and Matrix Product Operator(MPO) formalism. Further developing and optimizing these methods made it possible to obtain eigenstates and thermal states as well as to calculate the time dependent dynamics in quenches for experimentally relevant regimes.
|Date of Award||1 Mar 2017|
- University Of Strathclyde
|Supervisor||Andrew Daley (Supervisor) & Stefan Kuhr (Supervisor)|