Development of novel unicondylar knee implants for use with robotic orthopaedic tools

  • Hannah Wells

Student thesis: Doctoral Thesis

Abstract

Knee arthroplasty surgeries have become an increasingly common procedure in orthopaedics, especially for younger patients. New robotic technology has been introduced into the orthopaedic surgery with good results. The robotic technology is versatile to use and it then opens up the development of potential novel prosthetic designs. This project investigates one type of knee arthroplasty - the unicondylar knee arthroplasty (pseudonyms: unicondylar (or unicompartmental) knee arthroplasty (or replacement) abbreviated to UKA or UKR); and how it can be improved by robotic technology.The project followed a design process applying a range of methods to generate as many different prosthesis concepts, and then to organise and evaluate the concepts in a systematic manner. The strongest ideas were highlighted and, where possible, were developed into experiments. Some of the experiments were conducted practically in the lab while others were carried out by computer simulations.The project was able to provide constructive insight into novel prosthesis features and provide two prosthesis prototypes fashioned from the concepts. From the final two concepts, the BQ concept was picked due to the overall performance in the experimentation.
Date of Award1 Oct 2016
LanguageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • University Of Strathclyde
SponsorsEPSRC (Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council)
SupervisorPhilip Riches (Supervisor) & Avril Thomson (Supervisor)

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