X-ray crystallographic studies and comparative reactivity studies of a sodium diisopropylamide (NDA) complex and related hindered amides

Philip C. Andrews, N.D.R. Barnett, Robert Mulvey, W. Clegg, P.A. O'Neil, Donald Barr, Lucy Cowton, Andrea J. Dawson, Basil J. Wakefield

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50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two related sodium amide complexes derived from secondary amines with bulky organic substituents have been synthesised and crystallographically characterised. Both [(Pr-i)(2)NNa(TMEDA)](2) and [Cy(Pr-i)NNa(TMEDA)](2) adopt dimeric crystal structures with a central, planar (nitrogen-metal)(2) azametallocycle, a now familiar feature in both lithium amide and sodium amide chemistry. TMEDA ligands chelate in their usual bidentate manner making the Na+ cations four-coordinate with a distorted tetrahedral geometry. In the latter complex, the amido substituents are disposed in a trans conformation with respect to the (NNa)(2) ring plane. The deprotonating ability of the former complex has been tested against that of the parent amide [(Pr-i)(2)NNa](infinity) and the lithium congener [(Pr-i)(2)NLi](infinity) (LDA) in a series of simple organic reactions: selective enolate formation from 2-octanone and 2-methylcyclohexanone; synthesis of diphenylacetic acid via diphenylmethane. In general, the performance of the sodium reagents compares favourably with that of the lithium reagent.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-95
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Volume518
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jul 1996

Keywords

  • lithium
  • sodium
  • amide
  • crystal structure
  • lithium diisopropylamide
  • ladder
  • solid state
  • hexamethylphosphoric triamide
  • enolate formation
  • ring

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