X-ray crystallographic studies on the lithium diphenylphosphide adducts (Me2NCH2CH2)2NMe2 · LiPPh2 ( 1) and Me2NCH2CH2NMe2 · LiPPh2 (2) are reported. 1 is monomeric, with a terminal PPh2 unit containing a pyramidally coordinated phosphorus atom attached to the four-coordinate metal atom by a Li-P bond of length 2.567(6) Å. 2 crystallizes as dimers, (Me2NCH2CH2NMe2 · LiPPh2)2, with bridging PPh2 units containing (distorted) tetrahedrally coordinated phosphorus atoms: their planar (LiP)2 rings are roughly square-shaped (mean PLiP angle 91°, mean LiP distance 2.61 Å). Discussion of features of these structures is facilitated by ab initio MO calculations on the model systems LiPH2 and (LiPH2)2. Cryoscopic molecular mass measurements and high-field 7Li/31P NMR spectroscopic studies on solutions of 1 and 2 indicate that both solid-state structures are retained in arene solution, though some dissociation of2 into monomers is apparent.
- lithium diphenylphosphide
- X-ray crystallography