Why people skip music? On predicting music skips using deep reinforcement learning

Research output: Working paperWorking Paper/Preprint

23 Downloads (Pure)


Music recommender systems are an integral part of our daily life. Recent research has seen a significant effort around black-box recommender based approaches such as Deep Reinforcement Learning (DRL). These advances have led, together with the increasing concerns around users' data collection and privacy, to a strong interest in building responsible recommender systems. A key element of a successful music recommender system is modelling how users interact with streamed content. By first understanding these interactions, insights can be drawn to enable the construction of more transparent and responsible systems. An example of these interactions is skipping behaviour, a signal that can measure users' satisfaction, dissatisfaction, or lack of interest. In this paper, we study the utility of users' historical data for the task of sequentially predicting users' skipping behaviour. To this end, we adapt DRL for this classification task, followed by a post-hoc explainability (SHAP) and ablation analysis of the input state representation. Experimental results from a real-world music streaming dataset (Spotify) demonstrate the effectiveness of our approach in this task by outperforming state-of-the-art models. A comprehensive analysis of our approach and of users' historical data reveals a temporal data leakage problem in the dataset. Our findings indicate that, overall, users' behaviour features are the most discriminative in how our proposed DRL model predicts music skips. Content and contextual features have a lesser effect. This suggests that a limited amount of user data should be collected and leveraged to predict skipping behaviour.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationIthaca, New York
Number of pages12
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jan 2023


  • recommender systems
  • Spotify
  • music
  • skipping
  • user behaviour
  • prediction
  • deep reinforcement learning


Dive into the research topics of 'Why people skip music? On predicting music skips using deep reinforcement learning'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this