Who clicks there! anonymising the photographer in a camera saturated society

Shishir Nagaraja, Peter Schaffer, Djamila Aouada

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In recent years, social media has played an increasingly important role in reporting world events. The publication of crowd-sourced photographs is one of the reasons behind the high impact. However, the use of a camera can draw the photographer into a situation of conflict. Examples include citizen journalists posting photographs of incidents of human rights violations on the Internet. The published images contain unambiguous clues about the location of the photographer such as the angle from which the scene was captured. Further, in the context of adversary operated CCTV systems, knowledge of the photographer's potential location allows the adversary to identify the photographer by reviewing relevant footage. This is the camera location detection attack - a novel privacy threat against photographers seeking anonymity while posting images. In order to resist such powerful attacks, we introduce the notion of camera location anonymisation; by combining multiple input images captured from different viewpoints we produce a single image that appears to have been shot from a randomly chosen angle. To this end, we examine the use of view synthesis algorithms from computer vision literature as concrete defences. We show (both analytically and experimentally) that such defences could be a promising step in the direction of providing probabilistic anonymity guarantees. We analyse the extent of anonymity such techniques can provide in various scenarios and describe the challenges posed by scene geometry.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationWPES'11 - Proceedings of the 10th Annual ACM Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society
Pages13-22
Number of pages10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Nov 2011
Event10th Annual ACM Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society, WPES'11 - Co-located with 18th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2011 - Chicago, IL, United States
Duration: 17 Oct 201117 Oct 2011

Conference

Conference10th Annual ACM Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society, WPES'11 - Co-located with 18th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security, CCS 2011
CountryUnited States
CityChicago, IL
Period17/10/1117/10/11

Keywords

  • anonymity
  • images
  • photographer
  • privacy
  • view synthesis
  • social media
  • computer privacy
  • computer vision
  • probabilistic anonymity

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    Nagaraja, S., Schaffer, P., & Aouada, D. (2011). Who clicks there! anonymising the photographer in a camera saturated society. In WPES'11 - Proceedings of the 10th Annual ACM Workshop on Privacy in the Electronic Society (pp. 13-22) https://doi.org/10.1145/2046556.2046559