What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

Abstract

Objectives: Recent international policy suggests that changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. We conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions that targeted the public and aimed to change AMR awareness and associated behaviour. Here we focus on identifying the active content of such interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The project took a novel approach to intervention mapping utilising the following steps: (i) systematic review of the literature; (ii) coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using the BCT Taxonomy v1 from intervention descriptions alone; (iii) an exploration of explicit and tacit theory and theoretical constructs using the theory coding scheme and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), and (iv) an examination of the added value of BCT coding of intervention materials rather than intervention descriptions. Results: Nineteen studies utilising 14 BCTs were included. The most commonly used BCTs were ‘information about health consequences’ (79% of studies), ‘credible source’ (68% of studies), and ‘instruction on how to perform the behaviour’ (58% of studies). These represent theory congruent BCTs when mapped onto the TDF domains of knowledge and skills. An explicit theoretical framework for the interventions was reported in only four of the 19 studies. Conclusions: The study highlights the need for innovation in methods around intervention mapping. The current methodological approach provided a novel and useful way of mapping theoretical constructs and BCTs when reviewing studies that provide limited information on theory and intervention content.

Conference

ConferenceBPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityCardiff
Period6/09/178/09/17
Internet address

Fingerprint

Information Theory
Health Priorities
Action Potentials
Public Health
Health
Global Health

Keywords

  • antimicrobial resistance
  • behaviour change techniques
  • perceptions

Cite this

Williams, L. (2017). What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?. Abstract from BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference, Cardiff, United Kingdom.
Williams, Lynn. / What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?. Abstract from BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference, Cardiff, United Kingdom.
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title = "What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?",
abstract = "Objectives: Recent international policy suggests that changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. We conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions that targeted the public and aimed to change AMR awareness and associated behaviour. Here we focus on identifying the active content of such interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The project took a novel approach to intervention mapping utilising the following steps: (i) systematic review of the literature; (ii) coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using the BCT Taxonomy v1 from intervention descriptions alone; (iii) an exploration of explicit and tacit theory and theoretical constructs using the theory coding scheme and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), and (iv) an examination of the added value of BCT coding of intervention materials rather than intervention descriptions. Results: Nineteen studies utilising 14 BCTs were included. The most commonly used BCTs were ‘information about health consequences’ (79{\%} of studies), ‘credible source’ (68{\%} of studies), and ‘instruction on how to perform the behaviour’ (58{\%} of studies). These represent theory congruent BCTs when mapped onto the TDF domains of knowledge and skills. An explicit theoretical framework for the interventions was reported in only four of the 19 studies. Conclusions: The study highlights the need for innovation in methods around intervention mapping. The current methodological approach provided a novel and useful way of mapping theoretical constructs and BCTs when reviewing studies that provide limited information on theory and intervention content.",
keywords = "antimicrobial resistance, behaviour change techniques, perceptions",
author = "Lynn Williams",
year = "2017",
month = "9",
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language = "English",
note = "BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference ; Conference date: 06-09-2017 Through 08-09-2017",
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Williams, L 2017, 'What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?' BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference, Cardiff, United Kingdom, 6/09/17 - 8/09/17, .

What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance? / Williams, Lynn.

2017. Abstract from BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference, Cardiff, United Kingdom.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstract

TY - CONF

T1 - What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?

AU - Williams, Lynn

PY - 2017/9/6

Y1 - 2017/9/6

N2 - Objectives: Recent international policy suggests that changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. We conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions that targeted the public and aimed to change AMR awareness and associated behaviour. Here we focus on identifying the active content of such interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The project took a novel approach to intervention mapping utilising the following steps: (i) systematic review of the literature; (ii) coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using the BCT Taxonomy v1 from intervention descriptions alone; (iii) an exploration of explicit and tacit theory and theoretical constructs using the theory coding scheme and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), and (iv) an examination of the added value of BCT coding of intervention materials rather than intervention descriptions. Results: Nineteen studies utilising 14 BCTs were included. The most commonly used BCTs were ‘information about health consequences’ (79% of studies), ‘credible source’ (68% of studies), and ‘instruction on how to perform the behaviour’ (58% of studies). These represent theory congruent BCTs when mapped onto the TDF domains of knowledge and skills. An explicit theoretical framework for the interventions was reported in only four of the 19 studies. Conclusions: The study highlights the need for innovation in methods around intervention mapping. The current methodological approach provided a novel and useful way of mapping theoretical constructs and BCTs when reviewing studies that provide limited information on theory and intervention content.

AB - Objectives: Recent international policy suggests that changing public awareness of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) represents a global public health priority. We conducted a systematic review of the effectiveness of interventions that targeted the public and aimed to change AMR awareness and associated behaviour. Here we focus on identifying the active content of such interventions and explore potential mechanisms of action. Design: Systematic review. Methods: The project took a novel approach to intervention mapping utilising the following steps: (i) systematic review of the literature; (ii) coding of behaviour change techniques (BCTs) using the BCT Taxonomy v1 from intervention descriptions alone; (iii) an exploration of explicit and tacit theory and theoretical constructs using the theory coding scheme and the Theoretical Domains Framework (TDF), and (iv) an examination of the added value of BCT coding of intervention materials rather than intervention descriptions. Results: Nineteen studies utilising 14 BCTs were included. The most commonly used BCTs were ‘information about health consequences’ (79% of studies), ‘credible source’ (68% of studies), and ‘instruction on how to perform the behaviour’ (58% of studies). These represent theory congruent BCTs when mapped onto the TDF domains of knowledge and skills. An explicit theoretical framework for the interventions was reported in only four of the 19 studies. Conclusions: The study highlights the need for innovation in methods around intervention mapping. The current methodological approach provided a novel and useful way of mapping theoretical constructs and BCTs when reviewing studies that provide limited information on theory and intervention content.

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KW - behaviour change techniques

KW - perceptions

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M3 - Abstract

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Williams L. What is the active content of interventions that target the public's engagement with antimicrobial resistance?. 2017. Abstract from BPS Division of Health Psychology Annual Conference, Cardiff, United Kingdom.