Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with web holes subjected to Interior-one-flange loading condition-part I: experimental and numerical investigation

Ying Lian, Asraf Uzzaman, James B.P. Lim, Gasser Abdelal, David Nash, Ben Young

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Web openings are increasingly used in cold-formed steel beam members of buildings to facilitate ease of services. In this paper, a combination of tests and non-linear finite element analyses is used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under the interior-one-flange (IOF) loading condition; the cases of both flange fastened and flange unfastened to the bearing plate are considered. The results of 61 web crippling tests are presented, with 18 tests conducted on channel sections without web openings and 43 tests conducted on channel sections with web openings. In the case of the tests with web openings, the hole was either located centred beneath the bearing plate or having a horizontal clear distance to the near edge of the bearing plate. A good agreement between the tests and finite element analyses was obtained in term of both strength and failure modes.
LanguageEnglish
Pages103–112
Number of pages10
JournalThin-Walled Structures
Volume111
Early online date27 Dec 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Feb 2017

Fingerprint

Bearings (structural)
Flanges
Steel
Failure modes

Keywords

  • cold-formed steel
  • web crippling
  • finite element analysis
  • web hole
  • web opening
  • channel section

Cite this

@article{9d760991cf3e454496767f31dcd6ac6a,
title = "Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with web holes subjected to Interior-one-flange loading condition-part I: experimental and numerical investigation",
abstract = "Web openings are increasingly used in cold-formed steel beam members of buildings to facilitate ease of services. In this paper, a combination of tests and non-linear finite element analyses is used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under the interior-one-flange (IOF) loading condition; the cases of both flange fastened and flange unfastened to the bearing plate are considered. The results of 61 web crippling tests are presented, with 18 tests conducted on channel sections without web openings and 43 tests conducted on channel sections with web openings. In the case of the tests with web openings, the hole was either located centred beneath the bearing plate or having a horizontal clear distance to the near edge of the bearing plate. A good agreement between the tests and finite element analyses was obtained in term of both strength and failure modes.",
keywords = "cold-formed steel, web crippling, finite element analysis, web hole, web opening, channel section",
author = "Ying Lian and Asraf Uzzaman and Lim, {James B.P.} and Gasser Abdelal and David Nash and Ben Young",
note = "[1] J. Rhodes, D. Nash, An investigation of web crushing behaviour in thin-walled beams, Thin-Walled Structures, 32 (1998) 207-230. [2] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with offset web holes subjected to interior-two-flange loading, Thin-Walled Structures, 50 (2012) 76-86 [3] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Effect of offset web holes on web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channel sections under end-two-flange loading condition, Thin-Walled Structures, 65 (2013) 34-48 [4] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling under two-flange loading conditions-part I: tests and finite element analysis, Thin-Walled Structures, 56 (2012) 38- 48. [5] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling under two-flange loading conditions-part II: Parametric study and proposed design equations, Thin-Walled Structures, 56 (2012) 79- 87. [6] W.W. Yu, C.S. Davis, Cold-formed steel members with perforated elements, Journal of the Structural Division, 99 (1973) 2061-2077. [7] R.A. LaBoube, R.Schuster, Standard test method for determining the web crippling strength of cold-formed steel members, American Iron and Steel Institute, 2002. [8] R.A. LaBoube, W.W. Yu, S.U. Deshmukh, C.A. Uphoff, Crippling Capacity of Web Elements with Openings, Journal of Structural Engineering, 125 (1999) 137-141. [9] NAS, North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members, American Iron and Steel Institute, AISI S100-2007, AISI Standard, 2007. [10] K.S. Sivakumaran, K.M. Zielonka, Web crippling strength of thin-walled steel members with web opening, Thin-Walled Structures, 8 (1989) 295-319. [11] F. Zhou, B. Young, Web crippling of aluminium tubes with perforated webs, Engineering Structures, 32 (2010) 1397-1410. [12] P. Natario, N. Silvestre, D. Camotim, Computational modelling of flange crushing in cold-formed steel sections, Thin-Walled Structures, 84 (2014) 393-405. [13] P. Keerthan, M. Mahendran, E. Steau, Experimental study of web crippling behaviour of hollow flange channel beams under two flange load cases, Thin-Walled Structures, 85 (2014) 207-219. [14] Y. Chen, XX. Chen, CY. Wang, Experimental and finite element analysis research on cold-formed steel lipped channel beams under web crippling, Thin-walled Structures, 87 (2015) 41-52. [15] Y. Chen, XX. Chen, CY. Wang, Aluminum tubular sections subjected to web crippling, Thin-Walled Structures, 90 (2015) 49-60. [16] ABAQUS Analysis User’s Manual-Version 6.13-1. ABAQUS Inc., USA, 2013. [17] EN, 10002-1: 2001. Tensile testing of metallic materials. Method of test at ambient temperature, British Standards Institution, 2001. [18] J. B. P. Lim, D. A, Nethercot, Ultimate strength of bolted moment-connections between cold-formed steel members. Thin Walled Structures, 41 (2001) 1019-1039.",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1016/j.tws.2016.10.024",
language = "English",
volume = "111",
pages = "103–112",
journal = "Thin-Walled Structures",
issn = "0263-8231",

}

Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with web holes subjected to Interior-one-flange loading condition-part I : experimental and numerical investigation. / Lian, Ying; Uzzaman, Asraf; Lim, James B.P.; Abdelal, Gasser; Nash, David; Young, Ben.

In: Thin-Walled Structures, Vol. 111, 28.02.2017, p. 103–112.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with web holes subjected to Interior-one-flange loading condition-part I

T2 - Thin-Walled Structures

AU - Lian, Ying

AU - Uzzaman, Asraf

AU - Lim, James B.P.

AU - Abdelal, Gasser

AU - Nash, David

AU - Young, Ben

N1 - [1] J. Rhodes, D. Nash, An investigation of web crushing behaviour in thin-walled beams, Thin-Walled Structures, 32 (1998) 207-230. [2] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Web crippling behaviour of cold-formed steel channel sections with offset web holes subjected to interior-two-flange loading, Thin-Walled Structures, 50 (2012) 76-86 [3] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Effect of offset web holes on web crippling strength of cold-formed steel channel sections under end-two-flange loading condition, Thin-Walled Structures, 65 (2013) 34-48 [4] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling under two-flange loading conditions-part I: tests and finite element analysis, Thin-Walled Structures, 56 (2012) 38- 48. [5] A. Uzzaman, J.B.P. Lim, D. Nash, J. Rhodes, B. Young, Cold-formed steel sections with web openings subjected to web crippling under two-flange loading conditions-part II: Parametric study and proposed design equations, Thin-Walled Structures, 56 (2012) 79- 87. [6] W.W. Yu, C.S. Davis, Cold-formed steel members with perforated elements, Journal of the Structural Division, 99 (1973) 2061-2077. [7] R.A. LaBoube, R.Schuster, Standard test method for determining the web crippling strength of cold-formed steel members, American Iron and Steel Institute, 2002. [8] R.A. LaBoube, W.W. Yu, S.U. Deshmukh, C.A. Uphoff, Crippling Capacity of Web Elements with Openings, Journal of Structural Engineering, 125 (1999) 137-141. [9] NAS, North American Specification for the Design of Cold-Formed Steel Structural Members, American Iron and Steel Institute, AISI S100-2007, AISI Standard, 2007. [10] K.S. Sivakumaran, K.M. Zielonka, Web crippling strength of thin-walled steel members with web opening, Thin-Walled Structures, 8 (1989) 295-319. [11] F. Zhou, B. Young, Web crippling of aluminium tubes with perforated webs, Engineering Structures, 32 (2010) 1397-1410. [12] P. Natario, N. Silvestre, D. Camotim, Computational modelling of flange crushing in cold-formed steel sections, Thin-Walled Structures, 84 (2014) 393-405. [13] P. Keerthan, M. Mahendran, E. Steau, Experimental study of web crippling behaviour of hollow flange channel beams under two flange load cases, Thin-Walled Structures, 85 (2014) 207-219. [14] Y. Chen, XX. Chen, CY. Wang, Experimental and finite element analysis research on cold-formed steel lipped channel beams under web crippling, Thin-walled Structures, 87 (2015) 41-52. [15] Y. Chen, XX. Chen, CY. Wang, Aluminum tubular sections subjected to web crippling, Thin-Walled Structures, 90 (2015) 49-60. [16] ABAQUS Analysis User’s Manual-Version 6.13-1. ABAQUS Inc., USA, 2013. [17] EN, 10002-1: 2001. Tensile testing of metallic materials. Method of test at ambient temperature, British Standards Institution, 2001. [18] J. B. P. Lim, D. A, Nethercot, Ultimate strength of bolted moment-connections between cold-formed steel members. Thin Walled Structures, 41 (2001) 1019-1039.

PY - 2017/2/28

Y1 - 2017/2/28

N2 - Web openings are increasingly used in cold-formed steel beam members of buildings to facilitate ease of services. In this paper, a combination of tests and non-linear finite element analyses is used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under the interior-one-flange (IOF) loading condition; the cases of both flange fastened and flange unfastened to the bearing plate are considered. The results of 61 web crippling tests are presented, with 18 tests conducted on channel sections without web openings and 43 tests conducted on channel sections with web openings. In the case of the tests with web openings, the hole was either located centred beneath the bearing plate or having a horizontal clear distance to the near edge of the bearing plate. A good agreement between the tests and finite element analyses was obtained in term of both strength and failure modes.

AB - Web openings are increasingly used in cold-formed steel beam members of buildings to facilitate ease of services. In this paper, a combination of tests and non-linear finite element analyses is used to investigate the effect of such holes on web crippling under the interior-one-flange (IOF) loading condition; the cases of both flange fastened and flange unfastened to the bearing plate are considered. The results of 61 web crippling tests are presented, with 18 tests conducted on channel sections without web openings and 43 tests conducted on channel sections with web openings. In the case of the tests with web openings, the hole was either located centred beneath the bearing plate or having a horizontal clear distance to the near edge of the bearing plate. A good agreement between the tests and finite element analyses was obtained in term of both strength and failure modes.

KW - cold-formed steel

KW - web crippling

KW - finite element analysis

KW - web hole

KW - web opening

KW - channel section

UR - http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S026382311630502X

U2 - 10.1016/j.tws.2016.10.024

DO - 10.1016/j.tws.2016.10.024

M3 - Article

VL - 111

SP - 103

EP - 112

JO - Thin-Walled Structures

JF - Thin-Walled Structures

SN - 0263-8231

ER -