Weak collisionless shocks in laser-plasmas

RA Cairns, R Bingham, RGM Trines, P Norreys

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We obtain a theory describing laminar shock-like structures in a collisionless plasma and examine the parameter limits, in terms of the ion sound Mach number and the electron/ion temperature ratio, within which these structures exist. The essential feature is the inclusion of finite ion temperature with the result that some ions are reflected from a potential ramp. This destroys the symmetry between upstream and downstream regions that would otherwise give the well-known ion solitary wave solution. We have shown earlier (Cairns et al 2014 Phys. Plasmas 21 022112) that such structures may be relevant to problems such as the existence of strong, localized electric fields observed in laser compressed pellets and laser acceleration of ions. Here we present results on the way in which these structures may produce species separation in fusion targets and suggest that it may be possible to use shock ion acceleration for fast ignition.
LanguageEnglish
Article number044008
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume57
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Mar 2015

Fingerprint

laser plasmas
shock
Ions
Plasmas
Lasers
ion temperature
ions
temperature ratio
collisionless plasmas
Collisionless plasmas
ramps
pellets
Mach number
upstream
ignition
lasers
solitary waves
fusion
Solitons
inclusions

Keywords

  • collision scenarios
  • collisionless shocks
  • laser plasma

Cite this

Cairns, RA ; Bingham, R ; Trines, RGM ; Norreys, P. / Weak collisionless shocks in laser-plasmas. In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2015 ; Vol. 57.
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Weak collisionless shocks in laser-plasmas. / Cairns, RA; Bingham, R; Trines, RGM; Norreys, P.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 57, 044008, 20.03.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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