Waveform reconstruction with a Cs based free-induction-decay magnetometer

Dominic Hunter, Ricardo Jiménez-Martínez, Juan Herbsommer, Srinath Ramaswamy, Wen Li, Erling Riis

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Abstract

We demonstrate an optically pumped magnetometer (OPM) operated in a free-induction-decay (FID) configuration that is capable of tracking oscillating magnetic signals in the presence of a 50 uT static field. Excellent waveform reconstruction is demonstrated for low frequency modulations with respect to the Nyquist limited bandwidth. A 100 pT oscillation was successfully reconstructed using signal averaging, and an optimum sensitivity of 3.9 pT/sqrt{Hz} was measured from the spectrum of the residuals relative to the sinusoidal fit. The impact of the pump-probe repetition rate and spin depolarization on the frequency response of the sensor is investigated in detail using miniaturized vapor cell technology, with the (-3 dB) bandwidths residing beyond the Nyquist limit in each case. We also discuss technical limitations associated with the magnetometer when exposed to oscillating fields of sufficiently high amplitude or frequency. This is discussed in the context of potential distortions arising in the reproduced signals, induced by frequency-modulation (FM) and aliasing artefacts.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30523-30531
Number of pages9
JournalOptics Express
Volume26
Issue number23
Early online date7 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Nov 2018

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frequency modulation
magnetometers
induction
waveforms
bandwidth
magnetic signals
decay
depolarization
frequency response
artifacts
repetition
vapors
pumps
low frequencies
oscillations
probes
sensitivity
sensors
configurations
cells

Keywords

  • optically pumped magnetometer (OPM)
  • free induction decay (FID)
  • waveform reconstruction

Cite this

Hunter, D., Jiménez-Martínez, R., Herbsommer, J., Ramaswamy, S., Li, W., & Riis, E. (2018). Waveform reconstruction with a Cs based free-induction-decay magnetometer. Optics Express, 26(23), 30523-30531. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.030523
Hunter, Dominic ; Jiménez-Martínez, Ricardo ; Herbsommer, Juan ; Ramaswamy, Srinath ; Li, Wen ; Riis, Erling. / Waveform reconstruction with a Cs based free-induction-decay magnetometer. In: Optics Express. 2018 ; Vol. 26, No. 23. pp. 30523-30531.
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Hunter, D, Jiménez-Martínez, R, Herbsommer, J, Ramaswamy, S, Li, W & Riis, E 2018, 'Waveform reconstruction with a Cs based free-induction-decay magnetometer', Optics Express, vol. 26, no. 23, pp. 30523-30531. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.030523

Waveform reconstruction with a Cs based free-induction-decay magnetometer. / Hunter, Dominic; Jiménez-Martínez, Ricardo; Herbsommer, Juan; Ramaswamy, Srinath; Li, Wen; Riis, Erling.

In: Optics Express, Vol. 26, No. 23, 12.11.2018, p. 30523-30531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Hunter D, Jiménez-Martínez R, Herbsommer J, Ramaswamy S, Li W, Riis E. Waveform reconstruction with a Cs based free-induction-decay magnetometer. Optics Express. 2018 Nov 12;26(23):30523-30531. https://doi.org/10.1364/OE.26.030523