Waveform design for communicating radar systems using fractional Fourier transform

Domenico Gaglione, Carmine Clemente, Christos V. Ilioudis, Adriano Rosario Persico, Ian K. Proudler, John J. Soraghan, Alfonso Farina

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A novel waveform design technique for enabling a communication channel within a pulse radar is presented. The proposed waveform is composed of quasi-orthogonal chirp sub-carriers generated by means of the Fractional Fourier Transform (FrFT), with the aim of preserving the radar performance of a typical Linear Frequency Modulated (LFM) pulse while embedding data to be sent to a cooperative system. Waveform generation and demodulation are described, together with techniques aimed at optimising the design parameters and mitigating the Inter-Carrier Interference (ICI) caused by the quasi-orthogonality of the chirp sub-carriers. The proposed FrFT based communicating-radar (CoRadar) waveform design is compared with Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing (OFDM) based CoRadar with respect to both radar and communication operations. Radar performance is evaluated through examination of the Ambiguity Function (AF) and by assessing the performance of a standard square law detector. Communication performance is shown in terms of Bit Error Ratio (BER) for different channel conditions. Results demonstrate that the
proposed FrFT waveform presents performance close to a LFM pulse in terms of probability of detection and probability of false alarm, in exchange for slightly worse range and Doppler resolution. Furthermore, it is shown to maintain comparable communication performance with respect to the OFDM waveform. Finally, a hardware implementation is described that demonstrates the simultaneous radar and communication capabilities of the proposed system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-69
Number of pages13
JournalDigital Signal Processing
Early online date17 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2018


  • joint radar-communication system
  • fractional Fourier transform
  • waveform design
  • FrFT


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