War, antimicrobial resistance, and Acinetobacter baumannii (WAMRA)

A. Abou Fayad, O. El Diwachi, L.P. Haraoui, G. Abu Sitta, V.-K. Nguyen, A. Abbara, H. Landecker, N. Karah, C. Knapp, M. McEvoy, M. Zamman, P. Higgins, G. Matar

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Wars have been a great burden on humanity for a long period of time. The high medical costs of wars particularly those incurred in treating patients with multi-drug resistant infections is probably one of its most adverse effects. Acinetobacter baumannii is one of those superbugs which have gained much notoriety during times of wars for causing multi-drug resistant infections among injured military and civilian personnel. Since conflict regions are considered hot spots for heavy metals contamination, we hypothesize that exposure of A. baumannii to heavy metals coming from shelling and ammunition in war regions might be correlated with its increased levels of AMR. Therefore, herein we aim to investigate the effects of heavy metals on AMR of A. baumannii clinical isolates particularly those originating from war patients and determine the mechanisms implicated at the molecular level.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)87-88
Number of pages2
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2020
EventInternational Congress on Infectious Diseases 2020 - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 10 Sept 202013 Sept 2020


  • war
  • antimicrobial resistance
  • acinetobacter baumannii


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