Vortices in Spontaneous Bose-Einstein Condensates of Exciton-Polaritons

Benoît Deveaud-Plédran, Konstantinos G. Lagoudakis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


One of the most striking quantum effects in an interacting Bose gas at low temperature is superfluidity. First observed in liquid 4He, this phenomenon has been intensively studied in a variety of systems for its remarkable features such as the persistence of superflows and the proliferation of quantized vortices. The achievement of Bose–Einstein condensation in dilute atomic gases provided the opportunity to observe and study superfluidity in an extremely clean and well-controlled environment. In the solid state, Bose–Einstein condensation of exciton polaritons now allows to plan for the observation of similar phenomenology. Polaritons are interacting light–matter quasiparticles that occur naturally in semiconductor microcavities in the strong coupling regime and constitute an interesting example of composite bosons. Here, we report the observation of spontaneous formation of pinned quantized vortices in the Bose-condensed phase of a polariton fluid. Theoretical insight into the possible origin of such vortices is presented in terms of a generalized Gross–Pitaevskii equation. In the second part of the chapter, we provide the clear observation of half vortices, special to spinor condensates. We then go no, in the last part of this chapter, to study the dynamics of spontaneously created vortices. We show that their path is determined by the disorder landscape towards their final stable position.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationExciton Polaritons in Microcavities
Subtitle of host publicationNew Frontiers
EditorsD. Sanvitto, V. Timofeev
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)9783642241857
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • vortices
  • spontaneous Bose-Einstein condensates
  • exciton-polaritons


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