Virtual inertia control of DFIG-based wind turbines for dynamic grid frequency support

X Zhu, Yi Wang, Lie Xu, X Zhang, H Li

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaperpeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


This paper investigates virtual inertia control of doubly fed induction generator (DFIG)-based wind turbines to provide dynamic frequency support in the event of abrupt power change. The model and control scheme of the DFIG is analysed. The relationships among the virtual inertia, the rotor speed and the network frequency variation are then investigated. The "hidden" kinetic energy that can be released to contribute to the grid inertia by means of shifting the operating point from the maximum power tracking curve to a virtual inertia control curve is investigated. The virtual inertia control strategy based on shifting power tracking curves of the DFIG is proposed and the calculation method for determining these virtual inertia control curves is presented. A three-machine system with 20 percent of wind penetration is used to validate the proposed control strategy. Simulation results show that by the proposed control strategy, DFIG based wind farms have the capability of providing dynamic frequency support to frequency deviation, and thus improving the dynamic frequency performance of the grid with high wind power penetration.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2011
EventIET Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG 2011) - Edinburgh, United Kingdom
Duration: 6 Sep 20118 Sep 2011


ConferenceIET Conference on Renewable Power Generation (RPG 2011)
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom


  • asynchronous generators
  • mechanical variables control
  • hidden kinetic energy
  • maximum power tracking curve


Dive into the research topics of 'Virtual inertia control of DFIG-based wind turbines for dynamic grid frequency support'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this