Vertically emitting indium phosphide nanowire lasers

Wei-Zong Xu, Fang-Fang Ren, Dimitars Jevtics, Antonio Hurtado, Li Li, Qian Gao, Jiangdong Ye, Fan Wang, Benoit Guilhabert, Lan Fu, Hai Lu, Rong Zhang, Hark Hoe Tan, Martin D. Dawson, Chennupati Jagadish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Semiconductor nanowire (NW) lasers have attracted considerable research effort given their excellent promise for nanoscale photonic sources. However, NW lasers currently exhibit poor directionality and high threshold gain, issues critically limiting their prospects for on-chip light sources with extremely reduced footprint and efficient power consumption. Here, we propose a new design and experimentally demonstrate a vertically emitting indium phosphide (InP) NW laser structure showing high emission directionality and reduced energy requirements for operation. The structure of the laser combines an InP NW integrated in a cat's eye (CE) antenna. Thanks to the antenna guidance with broken asymmetry, strong focusing ability, and high Q-factor, the designed InP CE-NW lasers exhibit a higher degree of polarization, narrower emission angle, enhanced internal quantum efficiency, and reduced lasing threshold. Hence, this NW laser−antenna system provides a very promising approach toward the achievement of high-performance nanoscale lasers, with excellent prospects for use as highly localized light sources in present and future integrated nanophotonics systems for applications in advanced sensing, high-resolution imaging, and quantum communications.
LanguageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalNano Letters
Early online date21 May 2018
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 May 2018

Fingerprint

Indium phosphide
indium phosphides
Nanowires
nanowires
Lasers
lasers
antennas
cats
Antennas
Light sources
Q factors
light sources
Quantum communication
Nanophotonics
energy requirements
Electronic guidance systems
quantum communication
thresholds
Optical resolving power
footprints

Keywords

  • nanowire
  • nanowire lasers
  • nanolasers
  • nanoantennas
  • vertically-emitting lasers
  • nanophotonics
  • transfer printing
  • photonics

Cite this

Xu, Wei-Zong ; Ren, Fang-Fang ; Jevtics, Dimitars ; Hurtado, Antonio ; Li, Li ; Gao, Qian ; Ye, Jiangdong ; Wang, Fan ; Guilhabert, Benoit ; Fu, Lan ; Lu, Hai ; Zhang, Rong ; Tan, Hark Hoe ; Dawson, Martin D. ; Jagadish, Chennupati. / Vertically emitting indium phosphide nanowire lasers. In: Nano Letters. 2018.
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abstract = "Semiconductor nanowire (NW) lasers have attracted considerable research effort given their excellent promise for nanoscale photonic sources. However, NW lasers currently exhibit poor directionality and high threshold gain, issues critically limiting their prospects for on-chip light sources with extremely reduced footprint and efficient power consumption. Here, we propose a new design and experimentally demonstrate a vertically emitting indium phosphide (InP) NW laser structure showing high emission directionality and reduced energy requirements for operation. The structure of the laser combines an InP NW integrated in a cat's eye (CE) antenna. Thanks to the antenna guidance with broken asymmetry, strong focusing ability, and high Q-factor, the designed InP CE-NW lasers exhibit a higher degree of polarization, narrower emission angle, enhanced internal quantum efficiency, and reduced lasing threshold. Hence, this NW laser−antenna system provides a very promising approach toward the achievement of high-performance nanoscale lasers, with excellent prospects for use as highly localized light sources in present and future integrated nanophotonics systems for applications in advanced sensing, high-resolution imaging, and quantum communications.",
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author = "Wei-Zong Xu and Fang-Fang Ren and Dimitars Jevtics and Antonio Hurtado and Li Li and Qian Gao and Jiangdong Ye and Fan Wang and Benoit Guilhabert and Lan Fu and Hai Lu and Rong Zhang and Tan, {Hark Hoe} and Dawson, {Martin D.} and Chennupati Jagadish",
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Xu, W-Z, Ren, F-F, Jevtics, D, Hurtado, A, Li, L, Gao, Q, Ye, J, Wang, F, Guilhabert, B, Fu, L, Lu, H, Zhang, R, Tan, HH, Dawson, MD & Jagadish, C 2018, 'Vertically emitting indium phosphide nanowire lasers' Nano Letters. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00334

Vertically emitting indium phosphide nanowire lasers. / Xu, Wei-Zong; Ren, Fang-Fang; Jevtics, Dimitars; Hurtado, Antonio; Li, Li; Gao, Qian; Ye, Jiangdong; Wang, Fan; Guilhabert, Benoit; Fu, Lan; Lu, Hai; Zhang, Rong; Tan, Hark Hoe; Dawson, Martin D.; Jagadish, Chennupati.

In: Nano Letters, 21.05.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vertically emitting indium phosphide nanowire lasers

AU - Xu, Wei-Zong

AU - Ren, Fang-Fang

AU - Jevtics, Dimitars

AU - Hurtado, Antonio

AU - Li, Li

AU - Gao, Qian

AU - Ye, Jiangdong

AU - Wang, Fan

AU - Guilhabert, Benoit

AU - Fu, Lan

AU - Lu, Hai

AU - Zhang, Rong

AU - Tan, Hark Hoe

AU - Dawson, Martin D.

AU - Jagadish, Chennupati

N1 - This document is the Accepted Manuscript version of a Published Work that appeared in final form in Nano Letters, copyright © American Chemical Society after peer review and technical editing by the publisher. To access the final edited and published work see https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00334.

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Y1 - 2018/5/21

N2 - Semiconductor nanowire (NW) lasers have attracted considerable research effort given their excellent promise for nanoscale photonic sources. However, NW lasers currently exhibit poor directionality and high threshold gain, issues critically limiting their prospects for on-chip light sources with extremely reduced footprint and efficient power consumption. Here, we propose a new design and experimentally demonstrate a vertically emitting indium phosphide (InP) NW laser structure showing high emission directionality and reduced energy requirements for operation. The structure of the laser combines an InP NW integrated in a cat's eye (CE) antenna. Thanks to the antenna guidance with broken asymmetry, strong focusing ability, and high Q-factor, the designed InP CE-NW lasers exhibit a higher degree of polarization, narrower emission angle, enhanced internal quantum efficiency, and reduced lasing threshold. Hence, this NW laser−antenna system provides a very promising approach toward the achievement of high-performance nanoscale lasers, with excellent prospects for use as highly localized light sources in present and future integrated nanophotonics systems for applications in advanced sensing, high-resolution imaging, and quantum communications.

AB - Semiconductor nanowire (NW) lasers have attracted considerable research effort given their excellent promise for nanoscale photonic sources. However, NW lasers currently exhibit poor directionality and high threshold gain, issues critically limiting their prospects for on-chip light sources with extremely reduced footprint and efficient power consumption. Here, we propose a new design and experimentally demonstrate a vertically emitting indium phosphide (InP) NW laser structure showing high emission directionality and reduced energy requirements for operation. The structure of the laser combines an InP NW integrated in a cat's eye (CE) antenna. Thanks to the antenna guidance with broken asymmetry, strong focusing ability, and high Q-factor, the designed InP CE-NW lasers exhibit a higher degree of polarization, narrower emission angle, enhanced internal quantum efficiency, and reduced lasing threshold. Hence, this NW laser−antenna system provides a very promising approach toward the achievement of high-performance nanoscale lasers, with excellent prospects for use as highly localized light sources in present and future integrated nanophotonics systems for applications in advanced sensing, high-resolution imaging, and quantum communications.

KW - nanowire

KW - nanowire lasers

KW - nanolasers

KW - nanoantennas

KW - vertically-emitting lasers

KW - nanophotonics

KW - transfer printing

KW - photonics

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U2 - 10.1021/acs.nanolett.8b00334

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M3 - Article

JO - Nano Letters

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JF - Nano Letters

SN - 1530-6984

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