VELOS: a VR platform for ship-evacuation analysis

A.I. Ginnis, K.V. Kostas, C.G. Politis, Panagiotis Kaklis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)
591 Downloads (Pure)


Virtual Environment for Life On Ships (VELOS) is a multi-user Virtual Reality (VR) system that aims to support designers to assess (early in the design process) passenger and crew activities on a ship for both normal and hectic conditions of operations and to improve ship design accordingly. This article focuses on presenting the novel features of VELOS related to both its VR and evacuation-specific functionalities. These features include: (i) capability of multiple users’ immersion and active participation in the evacuation process, (ii) real-time interactivity and capability for making on-the-fly alterations of environment events and crowd-behavior parameters, (iii) capability of agents and avatars to move continuously on decks, (iv) integrated framework for both the simplified and advanced method of analysis according to the IMO/MSC 1033 Circular, (v) enrichment of the ship geometrical model with a topological model suitable for evacuation analysis, (vi) efficient interfaces for the dynamic specification and handling of the required heterogeneous input data, and (vii) post-processing of the calculated agent trajectories for extracting useful information for the evacuation process. VELOS evacuation functionality is illustrated using three evacuation test cases for a ro–ro passenger ship.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1045-1058
Number of pages14
JournalComputer-Aided Design
Issue number11
Early online date6 Oct 2009
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


  • design for safety
  • evacuation analysis
  • ship-passenger safety
  • virtual reality
  • ship design


Dive into the research topics of 'VELOS: a VR platform for ship-evacuation analysis'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this