Varieties of neoliberalism? Restructuring in large industrially dependent regions across Western and Eastern Europe

Kean Birch, Vlan Mykhnenko

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    40 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    The recent travails of the European Constitution, now Reform Treaty, illustrate the divergence of views on European integration. To many commentators and academics, European integration has come to represent the establishment of a neoliberal Europe characterized by a 'negative' form of integration. This neoliberalization of European economies has been underpinned by the perceived threat of globalization and global competition leading to the wholesale restructuring of European economies over the past three decades. However, this article does not assume that globalization and neoliberal integration have homogenization effects; rather, it argues that neoliberalization as a process has produced varieties of neoliberalism across Europe and not one hegemonic form of capitalism. To make this argument, the article focuses on the rationale behind neoliberal policies in different European countries, the specific strategies these countries have pursued and the impacts that these strategies have had on employment and growth in large industrially dependent regions.
    LanguageEnglish
    Pages355-380
    Number of pages25
    JournalJournal of Economic Geography
    Volume9
    Issue number3
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2009

    Fingerprint

    neoliberalism
    European integration
    Western Europe
    Eastern Europe
    globalization
    restructuring
    European Constitution
    economy
    capitalism
    treaty
    divergence
    capitalist society
    threat
    reform
    Europe
    Neoliberalism
    Globalization
    effect
    policy
    Capitalism

    Keywords

    • neoliberalism
    • neoliberal adjustment
    • regional restructuring
    • regional performance

    Cite this

    @article{8cd0f182b282459eb2db77ebc8a78e7c,
    title = "Varieties of neoliberalism? Restructuring in large industrially dependent regions across Western and Eastern Europe",
    abstract = "The recent travails of the European Constitution, now Reform Treaty, illustrate the divergence of views on European integration. To many commentators and academics, European integration has come to represent the establishment of a neoliberal Europe characterized by a 'negative' form of integration. This neoliberalization of European economies has been underpinned by the perceived threat of globalization and global competition leading to the wholesale restructuring of European economies over the past three decades. However, this article does not assume that globalization and neoliberal integration have homogenization effects; rather, it argues that neoliberalization as a process has produced varieties of neoliberalism across Europe and not one hegemonic form of capitalism. To make this argument, the article focuses on the rationale behind neoliberal policies in different European countries, the specific strategies these countries have pursued and the impacts that these strategies have had on employment and growth in large industrially dependent regions.",
    keywords = "neoliberalism, neoliberal adjustment, regional restructuring, regional performance",
    author = "Kean Birch and Vlan Mykhnenko",
    year = "2009",
    doi = "10.1093/jeg/lbn058",
    language = "English",
    volume = "9",
    pages = "355--380",
    journal = "Journal of Economic Geography",
    issn = "1468-2702",
    number = "3",

    }

    Varieties of neoliberalism? Restructuring in large industrially dependent regions across Western and Eastern Europe. / Birch, Kean; Mykhnenko, Vlan.

    In: Journal of Economic Geography, Vol. 9, No. 3, 2009, p. 355-380.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Varieties of neoliberalism? Restructuring in large industrially dependent regions across Western and Eastern Europe

    AU - Birch, Kean

    AU - Mykhnenko, Vlan

    PY - 2009

    Y1 - 2009

    N2 - The recent travails of the European Constitution, now Reform Treaty, illustrate the divergence of views on European integration. To many commentators and academics, European integration has come to represent the establishment of a neoliberal Europe characterized by a 'negative' form of integration. This neoliberalization of European economies has been underpinned by the perceived threat of globalization and global competition leading to the wholesale restructuring of European economies over the past three decades. However, this article does not assume that globalization and neoliberal integration have homogenization effects; rather, it argues that neoliberalization as a process has produced varieties of neoliberalism across Europe and not one hegemonic form of capitalism. To make this argument, the article focuses on the rationale behind neoliberal policies in different European countries, the specific strategies these countries have pursued and the impacts that these strategies have had on employment and growth in large industrially dependent regions.

    AB - The recent travails of the European Constitution, now Reform Treaty, illustrate the divergence of views on European integration. To many commentators and academics, European integration has come to represent the establishment of a neoliberal Europe characterized by a 'negative' form of integration. This neoliberalization of European economies has been underpinned by the perceived threat of globalization and global competition leading to the wholesale restructuring of European economies over the past three decades. However, this article does not assume that globalization and neoliberal integration have homogenization effects; rather, it argues that neoliberalization as a process has produced varieties of neoliberalism across Europe and not one hegemonic form of capitalism. To make this argument, the article focuses on the rationale behind neoliberal policies in different European countries, the specific strategies these countries have pursued and the impacts that these strategies have had on employment and growth in large industrially dependent regions.

    KW - neoliberalism

    KW - neoliberal adjustment

    KW - regional restructuring

    KW - regional performance

    UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jeg/lbn058

    U2 - 10.1093/jeg/lbn058

    DO - 10.1093/jeg/lbn058

    M3 - Article

    VL - 9

    SP - 355

    EP - 380

    JO - Journal of Economic Geography

    T2 - Journal of Economic Geography

    JF - Journal of Economic Geography

    SN - 1468-2702

    IS - 3

    ER -