Variability of mechanical properties of cellular lightweight concrete infill and its effect on seismic safety

Nikhil P. Zade, Avadhoot Bhosale, Prateek Kumar Dhir, Pradip Sarkar, Robin Davis

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Abstract

Cellular lightweight concrete (CLC) block masonry has gained popularity in the masonry market with the growing demand in the modern construction industry due to its various advantages, including a positive impact on the environment. Subsequently, the detailed characterization of its vital engineering properties should be studied for the development of the mathematical model, analysis, evaluation, and design of structures made of CLC block masonry. The present study investigates the variability in two important strength properties of CLC block masonry and proposes the most appropriate models for their statistical distribution to support probability-based structural analysis and design. This study shows that the assumption of a normal distribution in the absence of an appropriate uncertainty model can result in an inaccurate estimate of the seismic risk of an RC frame building infilled with CLC block masonry. The paper further assesses the seismic safety of a typical RC framed building infilled with CLC block masonry in relation to traditional brick masonry, considering the proposed uncertainty model. Although CLC block masonry results in a higher seismic risk compared with traditional brick masonry, it can be used as an infill material in high seismic areas because it results in a probability of failure within the acceptable limit.
Original languageEnglish
Article number04021039
Journal Natural Hazards Review
Volume22
Issue number4
Early online date19 Jul 2021
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • compressive strength
  • shear-bond strength
  • goodness of fit test
  • seismic risk

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