Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria

Fredrik Johannis van Brenk, Kris Tjaden, Anja Lowit

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

The slope of second formant (F2) frequency transitions is an acoustic measure of the rate of change of vocal tract configuration. Previous research suggest reduced F2 slopes for speakers with dysarthria versus healthy controls. Other studies suggested a strong correlation of F2 slope and speech intelligibility, indicating that F2 slope is a relatively easily obtained measure with the potential to serve as an index of speech severity. Whilst acoustic measures usually include transition duration, extent, and slope derived from a small number of averaged values, thus far no studies have considered the stability of F2 transitions over repeated productions. Stability (inversely: variability) indices derived from kinematic and acoustic measures obtained from repeated productions at the sentence-level have been found to be valid indicators of speech motor involvement, and sensitive to different speaking demands, including changes in speaking rates. This study investigated whether the quantification of variability of F2 transitions metrics could be used to characterize dysarthria. Particularly, we investigated whether these repetition-to-repetition variability measures showed similar sensitivity compared to averaged F2 transition measures, and whether they could potentially reveal aspects of speech motor control deficits in dysarthria not fully captured by averaged measures. Speakers with hypokinetic dysarthria, ataxic (-spastic) dysarthria, and control speakers produced twenty sentence repetitions containing the diphthong /aI/ with F2 transitions of interest. Durational and spatial variability metrics were derived, compared by group, and correlated with intelligibility measures. We report on the ability of these metrics to characterize dysarthria, and evaluate the effects of different speaking rates.

Conference

ConferenceBoston Speech Motor Control Symposium
CountryUnited States
CityBoston
Period20/06/1921/06/19
Internet address

Fingerprint

Dysarthria
Acoustics
Speech Intelligibility
Aptitude
Biomechanical Phenomena
Research

Keywords

  • speech therapy
  • dysarthria
  • F2 transitions

Cite this

van Brenk, F. J., Tjaden, K., & Lowit, A. (2019). Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria. Poster session presented at Boston Speech Motor Control Symposium, Boston, United States.
van Brenk, Fredrik Johannis ; Tjaden, Kris ; Lowit, Anja. / Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria. Poster session presented at Boston Speech Motor Control Symposium, Boston, United States.1 p.
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van Brenk, FJ, Tjaden, K & Lowit, A 2019, 'Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria' Boston Speech Motor Control Symposium, Boston, United States, 20/06/19 - 21/06/19, .

Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria. / van Brenk, Fredrik Johannis; Tjaden, Kris; Lowit, Anja.

2019. Poster session presented at Boston Speech Motor Control Symposium, Boston, United States.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

TY - CONF

T1 - Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria

AU - van Brenk, Fredrik Johannis

AU - Tjaden, Kris

AU - Lowit, Anja

PY - 2019/6/30

Y1 - 2019/6/30

N2 - The slope of second formant (F2) frequency transitions is an acoustic measure of the rate of change of vocal tract configuration. Previous research suggest reduced F2 slopes for speakers with dysarthria versus healthy controls. Other studies suggested a strong correlation of F2 slope and speech intelligibility, indicating that F2 slope is a relatively easily obtained measure with the potential to serve as an index of speech severity. Whilst acoustic measures usually include transition duration, extent, and slope derived from a small number of averaged values, thus far no studies have considered the stability of F2 transitions over repeated productions. Stability (inversely: variability) indices derived from kinematic and acoustic measures obtained from repeated productions at the sentence-level have been found to be valid indicators of speech motor involvement, and sensitive to different speaking demands, including changes in speaking rates. This study investigated whether the quantification of variability of F2 transitions metrics could be used to characterize dysarthria. Particularly, we investigated whether these repetition-to-repetition variability measures showed similar sensitivity compared to averaged F2 transition measures, and whether they could potentially reveal aspects of speech motor control deficits in dysarthria not fully captured by averaged measures. Speakers with hypokinetic dysarthria, ataxic (-spastic) dysarthria, and control speakers produced twenty sentence repetitions containing the diphthong /aI/ with F2 transitions of interest. Durational and spatial variability metrics were derived, compared by group, and correlated with intelligibility measures. We report on the ability of these metrics to characterize dysarthria, and evaluate the effects of different speaking rates.

AB - The slope of second formant (F2) frequency transitions is an acoustic measure of the rate of change of vocal tract configuration. Previous research suggest reduced F2 slopes for speakers with dysarthria versus healthy controls. Other studies suggested a strong correlation of F2 slope and speech intelligibility, indicating that F2 slope is a relatively easily obtained measure with the potential to serve as an index of speech severity. Whilst acoustic measures usually include transition duration, extent, and slope derived from a small number of averaged values, thus far no studies have considered the stability of F2 transitions over repeated productions. Stability (inversely: variability) indices derived from kinematic and acoustic measures obtained from repeated productions at the sentence-level have been found to be valid indicators of speech motor involvement, and sensitive to different speaking demands, including changes in speaking rates. This study investigated whether the quantification of variability of F2 transitions metrics could be used to characterize dysarthria. Particularly, we investigated whether these repetition-to-repetition variability measures showed similar sensitivity compared to averaged F2 transition measures, and whether they could potentially reveal aspects of speech motor control deficits in dysarthria not fully captured by averaged measures. Speakers with hypokinetic dysarthria, ataxic (-spastic) dysarthria, and control speakers produced twenty sentence repetitions containing the diphthong /aI/ with F2 transitions of interest. Durational and spatial variability metrics were derived, compared by group, and correlated with intelligibility measures. We report on the ability of these metrics to characterize dysarthria, and evaluate the effects of different speaking rates.

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KW - dysarthria

KW - F2 transitions

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M3 - Poster

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van Brenk FJ, Tjaden K, Lowit A. Variability of F2 transitions in dysarthria. 2019. Poster session presented at Boston Speech Motor Control Symposium, Boston, United States.