Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elements in urban parks from six European cities

L. Madrid, Encarnation Diaz-Barrientos, E. Ruiz-Cortes, R. Reinoso, M. Biasioli, Christine Davidson, A.C. Duarte, H. Grcman, I. Hossack, A S Hursthouse, T. Kralj, K. Ljung, E. Otabbong, S. Rodrigues, Graham John Urquhart, F. Ajmone-Marsanb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Use of a harmonised sampling regime has allowed comparison of concentrations of copper, chromium, nickel, lead and zinc in six urban parks located in different European cities differing markedly in their climate and industrial history. Wide concentrations ranges were found for copper, lead and zinc at most sites, but for chromium and nickel a wide range was only seen in the Italian park, where levels were also considerably greater than in other soils. As might be expected, the soils from older cities with a legacy of heavy manufacturing industry (Glasgow, Torino) were richest in potentially toxic elements (PTEs); soils from Ljubljana, Sevilla and Uppsala had intermediate metal contents, and soils from the most recently established park, in the least industrialised city (Aveiro), displayed lowest concentrations. When principal component analysis was applied to the data, associations were revealed between pH and organic carbon content; and between all five PTEs. When pH and organic carbon content were excluded from the PCA, a distinction became clear between copper, lead and zinc (the "urban" metals) on the one hand, and chromium and nickel on the other. Similar results were obtained for the surface (0-10 cm depth) and sub-surface (10-20 cm depth) samples. Comparisons with target or limit concentrations were limited by the existence of different legislation in different countries and the fact that few guidelines deal specifically with public-access urban soils intended for recreational use.

LanguageEnglish
Pages1158-1165
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Environmental Monitoring
Volume8
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Sep 2006

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Poisons
Soil
Chromium
Nickel
chromium
Zinc
Copper
nickel
zinc
copper
soil
Carbon
industrial history
organic carbon
Metallurgy
Metalloids
public access
Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis
metal
Principal Component Analysis

Keywords

  • potentially toxic elements
  • urban parks
  • urban soils
  • variability in soil composition

Cite this

Madrid, L., Diaz-Barrientos, E., Ruiz-Cortes, E., Reinoso, R., Biasioli, M., Davidson, C., ... Ajmone-Marsanb, F. (2006). Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elements in urban parks from six European cities. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 8(11), 1158-1165. https://doi.org/10.1039/B607980F
Madrid, L. ; Diaz-Barrientos, Encarnation ; Ruiz-Cortes, E. ; Reinoso, R. ; Biasioli, M. ; Davidson, Christine ; Duarte, A.C. ; Grcman, H. ; Hossack, I. ; Hursthouse, A S ; Kralj, T. ; Ljung, K. ; Otabbong, E. ; Rodrigues, S. ; Urquhart, Graham John ; Ajmone-Marsanb, F. . / Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elements in urban parks from six European cities. In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring. 2006 ; Vol. 8, No. 11. pp. 1158-1165.
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Madrid, L, Diaz-Barrientos, E, Ruiz-Cortes, E, Reinoso, R, Biasioli, M, Davidson, C, Duarte, AC, Grcman, H, Hossack, I, Hursthouse, AS, Kralj, T, Ljung, K, Otabbong, E, Rodrigues, S, Urquhart, GJ & Ajmone-Marsanb, F 2006, 'Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elements in urban parks from six European cities' Journal of Environmental Monitoring, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 1158-1165. https://doi.org/10.1039/B607980F

Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elements in urban parks from six European cities. / Madrid, L.; Diaz-Barrientos, Encarnation; Ruiz-Cortes, E. ; Reinoso, R.; Biasioli, M.; Davidson, Christine; Duarte, A.C.; Grcman, H.; Hossack, I.; Hursthouse, A S; Kralj, T.; Ljung, K.; Otabbong, E.; Rodrigues, S.; Urquhart, Graham John; Ajmone-Marsanb, F. .

In: Journal of Environmental Monitoring, Vol. 8, No. 11, 26.09.2006, p. 1158-1165.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Variability in concentrations of potentially toxic elements in urban parks from six European cities

AU - Madrid, L.

AU - Diaz-Barrientos, Encarnation

AU - Ruiz-Cortes, E.

AU - Reinoso, R.

AU - Biasioli, M.

AU - Davidson, Christine

AU - Duarte, A.C.

AU - Grcman, H.

AU - Hossack, I.

AU - Hursthouse, A S

AU - Kralj, T.

AU - Ljung, K.

AU - Otabbong, E.

AU - Rodrigues, S.

AU - Urquhart, Graham John

AU - Ajmone-Marsanb, F.

PY - 2006/9/26

Y1 - 2006/9/26

N2 - Use of a harmonised sampling regime has allowed comparison of concentrations of copper, chromium, nickel, lead and zinc in six urban parks located in different European cities differing markedly in their climate and industrial history. Wide concentrations ranges were found for copper, lead and zinc at most sites, but for chromium and nickel a wide range was only seen in the Italian park, where levels were also considerably greater than in other soils. As might be expected, the soils from older cities with a legacy of heavy manufacturing industry (Glasgow, Torino) were richest in potentially toxic elements (PTEs); soils from Ljubljana, Sevilla and Uppsala had intermediate metal contents, and soils from the most recently established park, in the least industrialised city (Aveiro), displayed lowest concentrations. When principal component analysis was applied to the data, associations were revealed between pH and organic carbon content; and between all five PTEs. When pH and organic carbon content were excluded from the PCA, a distinction became clear between copper, lead and zinc (the "urban" metals) on the one hand, and chromium and nickel on the other. Similar results were obtained for the surface (0-10 cm depth) and sub-surface (10-20 cm depth) samples. Comparisons with target or limit concentrations were limited by the existence of different legislation in different countries and the fact that few guidelines deal specifically with public-access urban soils intended for recreational use.

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