Vanadium microalloyed steel for thin slab casting and direct rolling

Y. Li, T.N. Baker, P.S. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Citations (Scopus)
124 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Vanadium microalloyed steels with high yield strength (»600 MPa), good toughness and ductility have been successfully produced in commercial thin slab casting plants employing direct rolling after casting. Because of the high solubility of VN and VC, most of the vanadium is likely to remain in solution during casting, equalisation and rolling. While some vanadium is precipitated in austenite as cuboids and pins the grain boundaries, a major fraction is available for dispersion strengthening of ferrite. Despite a coarse as-cast grain size, significant grain refinement can be achieved by repeated recrystallisation during hot rolling. Consequently, a fine and uniform ferrite grain structure is produced in the final strip. Increasing the V and N levels increases dispersion strengthening which occurs together with a finer ferrite grain size. The addition of titanium to a vanadium containing steel, decreases the yield strength due to the formation of V-Ti(N) particles in austenite during both casting and equalisation These large particles reduced the amount of V and N available for subsequent precipitation of fine (~5nm) V rich dispersion strengthening particles in ferrite.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages7
JournalMaterials Science Forum
Volume500-501
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2005

Fingerprint

Vanadium
dispersion strengthening
Steel
vanadium
Ferrite
ferrites
Casting
slabs
steels
yield strength
austenite
Austenite
Yield stress
grain size
Hot rolling
Grain refinement
Crystal microstructure
toughness
Titanium
ductility

Keywords

  • vanadium
  • nitrogen
  • titanium
  • microalloyed steel
  • thin slab casting
  • direct rolling
  • materials science

Cite this

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Vanadium microalloyed steel for thin slab casting and direct rolling. / Li, Y.; Baker, T.N.; Mitchell, P.S.

In: Materials Science Forum, Vol. 500-501, 11.2005, p. 237-244.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Vanadium microalloyed steel for thin slab casting and direct rolling

AU - Li, Y.

AU - Baker, T.N.

AU - Mitchell, P.S.

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AB - Vanadium microalloyed steels with high yield strength (»600 MPa), good toughness and ductility have been successfully produced in commercial thin slab casting plants employing direct rolling after casting. Because of the high solubility of VN and VC, most of the vanadium is likely to remain in solution during casting, equalisation and rolling. While some vanadium is precipitated in austenite as cuboids and pins the grain boundaries, a major fraction is available for dispersion strengthening of ferrite. Despite a coarse as-cast grain size, significant grain refinement can be achieved by repeated recrystallisation during hot rolling. Consequently, a fine and uniform ferrite grain structure is produced in the final strip. Increasing the V and N levels increases dispersion strengthening which occurs together with a finer ferrite grain size. The addition of titanium to a vanadium containing steel, decreases the yield strength due to the formation of V-Ti(N) particles in austenite during both casting and equalisation These large particles reduced the amount of V and N available for subsequent precipitation of fine (~5nm) V rich dispersion strengthening particles in ferrite.

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