Validity of hip-mounted uniaxial accelerometry with heart rate monitoring

R Ojiambo, Kenn Konstabel, Toomas Veidebaum, John Reilly, Vera Verbestel, Inge Huybrechts, Isabelle Sioen, Jose A. Casajus, Luis A. Moreno, German Vicente-Rodriguez, Karin Bammann, Bojan M. Tubic, Staffan Marild, Klaas Westerterp, Yannis P. Pitsiladis

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One of the aims of Identification and Prevention of Dietary- and Lifestyle-Induced Health Effects in Children and Infants (IDEFICS) validation study is to validate field measures of physical activity (PA) and energy expenditure (EE) in young children. This study compared the validity of uniaxial accelerometry with heart-rate (HR) monitoring vs. triaxial accelerometry against doubly labeled water (DLW) criterion method for assessment of free-living EE in young children. Forty-nine European children (25 female, 24 male) aged 4–10 yr (mean age: 6.9 ± 1.5 yr) were assessed by uniaxial ActiTrainer with HR, uniaxial 3DNX, and triaxial 3DNX accelerometry. Total energy expenditure (TEE) was estimated using DLW over a 1-wk period. The longitudinal axis of both devices and triaxial 3DNX counts per minute (CPM) were significantly (P < 0.05) associated with physical activity level (PAL; r = 0.51 ActiTrainer, r = 0.49 uniaxial-3DNX, and r = 0.42 triaxial Σ3DNX). Eight-six percent of the variance in TEE could be predicted by a model combining body mass (partial r2 = 71%; P < 0.05), CPM-ActiTrainer (partial r2 = 11%; P < 0.05), and difference between HR at moderate and sedentary activities (ModHR − SedHR) (partial r2 = 4%; P < 0.05). The SE of TEE estimate for ActiTrainer and 3DNX models ranged from 0.44 to 0.74 MJ/days or ∼7–11% of the average TEE. The SE of activity-induced energy expenditure (AEE) model estimates ranged from 0.38 to 0.57 MJ/day or 24–26% of the average AEE. It is concluded that the comparative validity of hip-mounted uniaxial and triaxial accelerometers for assessing PA and EE is similar.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1530-1536
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology
Issue number10
Early online date20 Sep 2012
Publication statusPublished - 2012


  • hip-mounted
  • uniaxial accelerometry
  • heart rate monitoring
  • physical activity
  • young children


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