Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates

Yashar Javadi, Mohammadreza Hadizadeh Raeisi, Hamed Salimi Pirzaman, Mehdi Ahmadi Najafabadi

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

Abstract

When a material is under mechanical load, the stresses change the velocity of acoustic waves because of acoustoelastic effect. This property can be employed for stress measurement in the material itself when the stress concerns the surface of the material, or in the bulk material. This technique involves with critically refracted longitudinal waves that propagate parallel to the surface, i. e. LCR waves. This paper presents a three dimensional thermo-mechanical analysis to evaluate welding residual stresses in plate-plate joint of AISI stainless steel 304L. After finite element simulation, the residual stresses were evaluated by LCR ultrasonic waves. This paper introduces a combination of "Finite Element Welding Simulation" and "Ultrasonic Stress Measurement using the LCR Wave" which is called as "FELCR". The capabilities of FELCR in residual stress measurement are confirmed here. It has been shown that predicted residual stress from three dimensional FE analyses is in reasonable agreement with measured residual stress from LCR method.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012
Pages43-50
Number of pages8
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes
EventASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012 - Nantes, France
Duration: 2 Jul 20124 Jul 2012

Conference

ConferenceASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012
CountryFrance
CityNantes
Period2/07/124/07/12

Fingerprint

Residual stresses
Welding
Stainless steel
Ultrasonics
Stress measurement
Ultrasonic measurement
Ultrasonic waves
Loads (forces)
Acoustic waves

Keywords

  • acoustoelastic effect
  • L
  • ultrasonic stress measurement
  • welding residual stress

Cite this

Javadi, Y., Raeisi, M. H., Pirzaman, H. S., & Najafabadi, M. A. (2012). Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates. In ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012 (Vol. 1, pp. 43-50). [ESDA2012-82637] https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2012-82637
Javadi, Yashar ; Raeisi, Mohammadreza Hadizadeh ; Pirzaman, Hamed Salimi ; Najafabadi, Mehdi Ahmadi. / Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates. ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012. Vol. 1 2012. pp. 43-50
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title = "Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates",
abstract = "When a material is under mechanical load, the stresses change the velocity of acoustic waves because of acoustoelastic effect. This property can be employed for stress measurement in the material itself when the stress concerns the surface of the material, or in the bulk material. This technique involves with critically refracted longitudinal waves that propagate parallel to the surface, i. e. LCR waves. This paper presents a three dimensional thermo-mechanical analysis to evaluate welding residual stresses in plate-plate joint of AISI stainless steel 304L. After finite element simulation, the residual stresses were evaluated by LCR ultrasonic waves. This paper introduces a combination of {"}Finite Element Welding Simulation{"} and {"}Ultrasonic Stress Measurement using the LCR Wave{"} which is called as {"}FELCR{"}. The capabilities of FELCR in residual stress measurement are confirmed here. It has been shown that predicted residual stress from three dimensional FE analyses is in reasonable agreement with measured residual stress from LCR method.",
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Javadi, Y, Raeisi, MH, Pirzaman, HS & Najafabadi, MA 2012, Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates. in ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012. vol. 1, ESDA2012-82637, pp. 43-50, ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012, Nantes, France, 2/07/12. https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2012-82637

Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates. / Javadi, Yashar; Raeisi, Mohammadreza Hadizadeh; Pirzaman, Hamed Salimi; Najafabadi, Mehdi Ahmadi.

ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012. Vol. 1 2012. p. 43-50 ESDA2012-82637.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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AB - When a material is under mechanical load, the stresses change the velocity of acoustic waves because of acoustoelastic effect. This property can be employed for stress measurement in the material itself when the stress concerns the surface of the material, or in the bulk material. This technique involves with critically refracted longitudinal waves that propagate parallel to the surface, i. e. LCR waves. This paper presents a three dimensional thermo-mechanical analysis to evaluate welding residual stresses in plate-plate joint of AISI stainless steel 304L. After finite element simulation, the residual stresses were evaluated by LCR ultrasonic waves. This paper introduces a combination of "Finite Element Welding Simulation" and "Ultrasonic Stress Measurement using the LCR Wave" which is called as "FELCR". The capabilities of FELCR in residual stress measurement are confirmed here. It has been shown that predicted residual stress from three dimensional FE analyses is in reasonable agreement with measured residual stress from LCR method.

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Javadi Y, Raeisi MH, Pirzaman HS, Najafabadi MA. Using welding simulation and ultrasonic method to evaluate residual stress in stainless steel welded plates. In ASME 2012 11th Biennial Conference on Engineering Systems Design and Analysis, ESDA 2012. Vol. 1. 2012. p. 43-50. ESDA2012-82637 https://doi.org/10.1115/ESDA2012-82637