Using an individualised consultation and activPAL™ feedback to reduce sedentary time in older Scottish adults: results of a feasibility and pilot study

Claire Fitzsimons, Alison Kirk, Graham Baker, Fraser Michie, Catherine Kane, Nanette Mutrie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

74 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Sedentary behaviours have been linked to poor health, independent of physical activity levels. The objective of this study was to explore an individualised intervention strategy aimed at reducing sedentary behaviours in older Scottish adults.

METHODS: This feasibility and pilot study was a pre-experimental (one group pretest-posttest) study design. Participants were enrolled into the study in January-March 2012 and data analysis was completed April-October 2012. The study was based in Glasgow, Scotland. Participants received an individualised consultation targeting sedentary behaviour incorporating feedback from an activPAL activity monitor. Outcome measures were objectively (activPAL) and subjectively measured (Sedentary Behaviour Questionnaire) sedentary time.

RESULTS: Twenty four participants received the intervention. Objectively measured total time spent sitting/lying was reduced by 24 min/day (p=0.042), a reduction of 2.2%. Total time spent in stepping activities, such as walking increased by 13 min/day (p=0.044). Self-report data suggested participants achieved behaviour change by reducing time spent watching television and/or using motorised transport.

CONCLUSION: Interventions to reduce sedentary behaviours in older people are urgently needed. The results of this feasibility and pilot study suggest a consultation approach may help individuals reduce time spent in sedentary behaviours. A larger, controlled trial is warranted with a diverse sample to increase generalisability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)718-20
Number of pages3
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume57
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • sedentary lifestyle
  • aged
  • intervention studies
  • exercise

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