Use of a physiologically-based extraction test to estimate the human bioaccessibility of potentially toxic element in urban soils from the city of Glasgow, UK

Julien Sialelli, Graham John Urquhart, Christine Davidson, Andrew S. Hursthouse

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A simple, two-stage, physiologically based extraction has been applied to assess the human bioaccessibility of potentially toxic elements (PTE) in 20 urban soils from a major UK city. Chromium and iron bioaccessibilities were found to
be markedly higher in the intestinal phase, whilst lead and zinc bioaccessibilities were higher in the stomach. Copper and manganese bioaccessibilities were
generally similar under both extraction conditions. Principal component analysis was used to study relationships amongst bioaccessible element concentrations and land use. Distinctions could be observed between the distributions of the urban metals— copper, lead and zinc—and metals predominantly of
geogenic origin, such as iron. There was no clear delineation between roadside soils and soils obtained from public parks. Bioaccessible analyte concentrations were found to be correlated with pseudototal (aqua regia soluble) analyte concentrations for all elements except iron. Results of the BCR sequential
extraction did not, in general, provide a good indication of human bioaccessibility. Comparison of bioaccessible PTE concentrations with toxicological data indicated that lead is the element of greatest concern in these soils but that levels are unlikely to pose a health risk to children with average soil intake.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)517-527
Number of pages11
JournalEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health
Volume32
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010

Keywords

  • soil analysis
  • bioaccessibility
  • toxicity

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