Urban form resilience urban design practice: masterplanning for change

Ombretta Romice, Alessandra Feliciotti, Sergio Porta

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Abstract

As cities grow in scale and complexity, the extent to which their urban forms will be able resist, adapt to or co-evolve under unpredictable circumstances and fulfil needs different from those they were originally designed for, may be crucial for the very survival of cities. In this context, the concept of resilience, originated in ecology as a way to deal with change and uncertainty in ecological systems, particularly in its ‘evolutionary’ interpretation, has gained salience in relation to urban systems where, not unlike in other kinds of complex adaptive systems, change can both be triggered by external idiosyncratic shocks and emerge gradually from internal processes of self-organisation, and is now considered as pivotal for the design and management of the built environment.

Whilst several authors have tried to build a bridge between resilience thinking and urban design, the role of the morphological structure of cities in enabling or constraining resilient responses has never been addressed systematically and, indeed, evidence that the framework of evolutionary resilience can be extended to the urban form is hardly systematic. To overcome this gap, this article seeks to evidence the link between urban form and resilience theory. This is done by building a parallel between concepts, models and organisational principles developed in system ecology to explain dynamics of change in ecosystems (i.e. Adaptive Cycles, Panarchy), to analogous models developed independently in the discipline of urban morphology to describe dynamics of change in urban form (i.e. Burgage Cycle, Territorial Development Cycle, Urban Form Compositional Hierarchy). On this basis, a new theoretical model of urban form change grounded on an understanding of urban form as complex system, is formalised, substantiating the application of evolutionary resilience urban form.

Conference

ConferenceInternational Forum on Urbanism
Abbreviated titleIFoU
CountrySpain
CityBarcelona
Period10/12/1812/12/18

Fingerprint

Ecology
Adaptive systems
Ecosystems
Large scale systems
Uncertainty

Keywords

  • adaptive masterplanning
  • resilience
  • urban design
  • place making

Cite this

Romice, O., Feliciotti, A., & Porta, S. (2018). Urban form resilience urban design practice: masterplanning for change. Paper presented at International Forum on Urbanism, Barcelona, Spain.
Romice, Ombretta ; Feliciotti, Alessandra ; Porta, Sergio. / Urban form resilience urban design practice : masterplanning for change. Paper presented at International Forum on Urbanism, Barcelona, Spain.
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Romice, O, Feliciotti, A & Porta, S 2018, 'Urban form resilience urban design practice: masterplanning for change' Paper presented at International Forum on Urbanism, Barcelona, Spain, 10/12/18 - 12/12/18, .

Urban form resilience urban design practice : masterplanning for change. / Romice, Ombretta; Feliciotti, Alessandra; Porta, Sergio.

2018. Paper presented at International Forum on Urbanism, Barcelona, Spain.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

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T1 - Urban form resilience urban design practice

T2 - masterplanning for change

AU - Romice, Ombretta

AU - Feliciotti, Alessandra

AU - Porta, Sergio

PY - 2018/12/10

Y1 - 2018/12/10

N2 - As cities grow in scale and complexity, the extent to which their urban forms will be able resist, adapt to or co-evolve under unpredictable circumstances and fulfil needs different from those they were originally designed for, may be crucial for the very survival of cities. In this context, the concept of resilience, originated in ecology as a way to deal with change and uncertainty in ecological systems, particularly in its ‘evolutionary’ interpretation, has gained salience in relation to urban systems where, not unlike in other kinds of complex adaptive systems, change can both be triggered by external idiosyncratic shocks and emerge gradually from internal processes of self-organisation, and is now considered as pivotal for the design and management of the built environment.Whilst several authors have tried to build a bridge between resilience thinking and urban design, the role of the morphological structure of cities in enabling or constraining resilient responses has never been addressed systematically and, indeed, evidence that the framework of evolutionary resilience can be extended to the urban form is hardly systematic. To overcome this gap, this article seeks to evidence the link between urban form and resilience theory. This is done by building a parallel between concepts, models and organisational principles developed in system ecology to explain dynamics of change in ecosystems (i.e. Adaptive Cycles, Panarchy), to analogous models developed independently in the discipline of urban morphology to describe dynamics of change in urban form (i.e. Burgage Cycle, Territorial Development Cycle, Urban Form Compositional Hierarchy). On this basis, a new theoretical model of urban form change grounded on an understanding of urban form as complex system, is formalised, substantiating the application of evolutionary resilience urban form.

AB - As cities grow in scale and complexity, the extent to which their urban forms will be able resist, adapt to or co-evolve under unpredictable circumstances and fulfil needs different from those they were originally designed for, may be crucial for the very survival of cities. In this context, the concept of resilience, originated in ecology as a way to deal with change and uncertainty in ecological systems, particularly in its ‘evolutionary’ interpretation, has gained salience in relation to urban systems where, not unlike in other kinds of complex adaptive systems, change can both be triggered by external idiosyncratic shocks and emerge gradually from internal processes of self-organisation, and is now considered as pivotal for the design and management of the built environment.Whilst several authors have tried to build a bridge between resilience thinking and urban design, the role of the morphological structure of cities in enabling or constraining resilient responses has never been addressed systematically and, indeed, evidence that the framework of evolutionary resilience can be extended to the urban form is hardly systematic. To overcome this gap, this article seeks to evidence the link between urban form and resilience theory. This is done by building a parallel between concepts, models and organisational principles developed in system ecology to explain dynamics of change in ecosystems (i.e. Adaptive Cycles, Panarchy), to analogous models developed independently in the discipline of urban morphology to describe dynamics of change in urban form (i.e. Burgage Cycle, Territorial Development Cycle, Urban Form Compositional Hierarchy). On this basis, a new theoretical model of urban form change grounded on an understanding of urban form as complex system, is formalised, substantiating the application of evolutionary resilience urban form.

KW - adaptive masterplanning

KW - resilience

KW - urban design

KW - place making

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M3 - Paper

ER -

Romice O, Feliciotti A, Porta S. Urban form resilience urban design practice: masterplanning for change. 2018. Paper presented at International Forum on Urbanism, Barcelona, Spain.