We present the results of a semicoherent search for continuous gravitational waves from the low-mass X-ray binary Scorpius X-1, using data from the first Advanced LIGO observing run. The search method uses details of the modeled, parametrized continuous signal to combine coherently data separated by less than a specified coherence time, which can be adjusted to trade off sensitivity against computational cost. A search was conducted over the frequency range 25–, spanning the current observationally constrained range of binary orbital parameters. No significant detection candidates were found, and frequency-dependent upper limits were set using a combination of sensitivity estimates and simulated signal injections. The most stringent upper limit was set at , with comparable limits set across the most sensitive frequency range from 100 to . At this frequency, the 95% upper limit on the signal amplitude h 0 is marginalized over the unknown inclination angle of the neutron star's spin, and assuming the best orientation (which results in circularly polarized gravitational waves). These limits are a factor of 3–4 stronger than those set by other analyses of the same data, and a factor of ~7 stronger than the best upper limits set using data from Initial LIGO science runs. In the vicinity of , the limits are a factor of between 1.2 and 3.5 above the predictions of the torque balance model, depending on the inclination angle; if the most likely inclination angle of 44° is assumed, they are within a factor of 1.7.
- gravitational waves
- neutron stars
- low mass X-ray binary
Abbott, B. P., Jawahar, S., Lockerbie, N. A., Tokmakov, K. V., LIGO Scientific Collaboration, & Virgo Collaboration (2017). Upper limits on gravitational waves from Scorpius X-1 from a model-based cross-correlation search in Advanced LIGO data. Astrophysical Journal, 847(1), . https://doi.org/10.3847/1538-4357/aa86f0