Upper bounds for the Stanley–Wilf limit of 1324 and other layered patterns

Anders Claesson, Vít Jelínek, Einar Steingrimsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


We prove that the Stanley-Wilf limit of any layered permutation pattern of length l is at most 4l(2), and that the Stanley-Wilf limit of the pattern 1324 is at most 16. These bounds follow from a more general result showing that a permutation avoiding a pattern of a special form is a merge of two permutations, each of which avoids a smaller pattern.

We also conjecture that, for any k >= 0, the set of 1324-avoiding permutations with k inversions contains at least as many permutations of length n + 1 as those of length n. We show that if this is true then the Stanley-Wilf limit for 1324 is at most e(pi root 2/3) similar or equal to 13.001954.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1680-1691
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Combinatorial Theory Series A
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2012


  • upper bounds
  • stanley-wilf limit
  • layered patterns
  • pattern avoidance
  • layered permutations


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