## Abstract

We prove that the Stanley-Wilf limit of any layered permutation pattern of length l is at most 4l(2), and that the Stanley-Wilf limit of the pattern 1324 is at most 16. These bounds follow from a more general result showing that a permutation avoiding a pattern of a special form is a merge of two permutations, each of which avoids a smaller pattern.

We also conjecture that, for any k >= 0, the set of 1324-avoiding permutations with k inversions contains at least as many permutations of length n + 1 as those of length n. We show that if this is true then the Stanley-Wilf limit for 1324 is at most e(pi root 2/3) similar or equal to 13.001954.

We also conjecture that, for any k >= 0, the set of 1324-avoiding permutations with k inversions contains at least as many permutations of length n + 1 as those of length n. We show that if this is true then the Stanley-Wilf limit for 1324 is at most e(pi root 2/3) similar or equal to 13.001954.

Original language | English |
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Pages (from-to) | 1680-1691 |

Number of pages | 12 |

Journal | Journal of Combinatorial Theory Series A |

Volume | 119 |

Issue number | 8 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Nov 2012 |

## Keywords

- upper bounds
- stanley-wilf limit
- layered patterns
- pattern avoidance
- layered permutations