Uplift histories from river profiles

D. Pritchard, G. G. Roberts, N. J. White, C. N. Richardson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

59 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Longitudinal river profiles, where elevation of a river bed is plotted as a function of distance along the river bed, contain information about uplift rate. When a region adjacent to a reference level (e.g., sea level) is uplifted, a rapid change in gradient occurs near the river mouth. The erosional process causes this change in gradient to migrate upstream. Thus a river profile is effectively a 'tape recording' of the uplift rate history, provided that the erosional process can be adequately parameterized. Here, we use a non-linear equation to relate the shape of a river profile, z(x), to uplift rate history, U(t). If erosion is assumed to be dominated by knickpoint retreat, an inverse model can be formulated and used to calculate uplift rate histories. Our model builds upon standard stream profile analysis, which focuses on the relationship between profile slope and drainage area. We have applied this analytical approach to river profiles from the Bié Dome, Angola. Calculated uplift rate histories agree with independent geologic estimates.
LanguageEnglish
Article numberL24301
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

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rivers
uplift
histories
profiles
history
river
river bed
beds
Angola
dome
gradients
mouth
domes
rate
drainage
sea level
upstream
erosion
tapes
nonlinear equations

Keywords

  • river profiles
  • uplift histories
  • erosional process
  • standard stream profile analysis

Cite this

Pritchard, D., Roberts, G. G., White, N. J., & Richardson, C. N. (2009). Uplift histories from river profiles. Geophysical Research Letters, 36, [L24301]. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL040928
Pritchard, D. ; Roberts, G. G. ; White, N. J. ; Richardson, C. N. / Uplift histories from river profiles. In: Geophysical Research Letters. 2009 ; Vol. 36.
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Uplift histories from river profiles. / Pritchard, D.; Roberts, G. G.; White, N. J.; Richardson, C. N.

In: Geophysical Research Letters, Vol. 36, L24301, 2009.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Pritchard, D.

AU - Roberts, G. G.

AU - White, N. J.

AU - Richardson, C. N.

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