Uniaxial versus biaxial character of nematic equilibria in three dimensions

Duvan Henao, Apala Majumdar, Adriano Pisante

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We study global minimizers of the Landau–de Gennes (LdG) energy functional for nematic liquid crystals, on arbitrary three-dimensional simply connected geometries with topologically non-trivial and physically relevant Dirichlet boundary conditions. Our results are specific to an asymptotic limit coined in terms of a dimensionless temperature and material-dependent parameter, t and some constraints on the material parameters, and we work in the t→∞ limit that captures features of the widely used Lyuksyutov constraint (Kralj and Virga in J Phys A 34:829–838, 2001). We prove (i) that (re-scaled) global LdG minimizers converge uniformly to a (minimizing) limiting harmonic map, away from the singular set of the limiting map; (ii) we have points of maximal biaxiality and uniaxiality near each singular point of the limiting map; (iii) estimates for the size of “strongly biaxial” regions in terms of the parameter t. We further show that global LdG minimizers in the restricted class of uniaxial Q-tensors cannot be stable critical points of the LdG energy in this limit.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalCalculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations
Volume56
Early online date4 Apr 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 30 Apr 2017

Fingerprint

Biaxial
Three-dimension
Limiting
Minimizer
Global Minimizer
Singular Set
Nematic liquid crystals
Asymptotic Limit
Harmonic Maps
Nematic Liquid Crystal
Energy Functional
Singular Point
Dimensionless
Dirichlet Boundary Conditions
Tensors
Critical point
Tensor
Boundary conditions
Converge
Three-dimensional

Keywords

  • Landau–de Gennes
  • nematic liquid crystals
  • Dirichlet boundary conditions

Cite this

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abstract = "We study global minimizers of the Landau–de Gennes (LdG) energy functional for nematic liquid crystals, on arbitrary three-dimensional simply connected geometries with topologically non-trivial and physically relevant Dirichlet boundary conditions. Our results are specific to an asymptotic limit coined in terms of a dimensionless temperature and material-dependent parameter, t and some constraints on the material parameters, and we work in the t→∞ limit that captures features of the widely used Lyuksyutov constraint (Kralj and Virga in J Phys A 34:829–838, 2001). We prove (i) that (re-scaled) global LdG minimizers converge uniformly to a (minimizing) limiting harmonic map, away from the singular set of the limiting map; (ii) we have points of maximal biaxiality and uniaxiality near each singular point of the limiting map; (iii) estimates for the size of “strongly biaxial” regions in terms of the parameter t. We further show that global LdG minimizers in the restricted class of uniaxial Q-tensors cannot be stable critical points of the LdG energy in this limit.",
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Uniaxial versus biaxial character of nematic equilibria in three dimensions. / Henao, Duvan; Majumdar, Apala; Pisante, Adriano.

In: Calculus of Variations and Partial Differential Equations, Vol. 56, 30.04.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Majumdar, Apala

AU - Pisante, Adriano

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N2 - We study global minimizers of the Landau–de Gennes (LdG) energy functional for nematic liquid crystals, on arbitrary three-dimensional simply connected geometries with topologically non-trivial and physically relevant Dirichlet boundary conditions. Our results are specific to an asymptotic limit coined in terms of a dimensionless temperature and material-dependent parameter, t and some constraints on the material parameters, and we work in the t→∞ limit that captures features of the widely used Lyuksyutov constraint (Kralj and Virga in J Phys A 34:829–838, 2001). We prove (i) that (re-scaled) global LdG minimizers converge uniformly to a (minimizing) limiting harmonic map, away from the singular set of the limiting map; (ii) we have points of maximal biaxiality and uniaxiality near each singular point of the limiting map; (iii) estimates for the size of “strongly biaxial” regions in terms of the parameter t. We further show that global LdG minimizers in the restricted class of uniaxial Q-tensors cannot be stable critical points of the LdG energy in this limit.

AB - We study global minimizers of the Landau–de Gennes (LdG) energy functional for nematic liquid crystals, on arbitrary three-dimensional simply connected geometries with topologically non-trivial and physically relevant Dirichlet boundary conditions. Our results are specific to an asymptotic limit coined in terms of a dimensionless temperature and material-dependent parameter, t and some constraints on the material parameters, and we work in the t→∞ limit that captures features of the widely used Lyuksyutov constraint (Kralj and Virga in J Phys A 34:829–838, 2001). We prove (i) that (re-scaled) global LdG minimizers converge uniformly to a (minimizing) limiting harmonic map, away from the singular set of the limiting map; (ii) we have points of maximal biaxiality and uniaxiality near each singular point of the limiting map; (iii) estimates for the size of “strongly biaxial” regions in terms of the parameter t. We further show that global LdG minimizers in the restricted class of uniaxial Q-tensors cannot be stable critical points of the LdG energy in this limit.

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