Unemployment, insurance and health in interwar Britain

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    In Britain, the years between 1918 and 1939 were characterised by a fall in the birth rate and by increases in the level of real wages and in the participation rates of young married women. As a result of these changes, there was a marked increase in the real income of the average British household, and the effects of this increase were enhanced by a reduction in the number of dependants. This period was also marked by improvements in food supply and housing, and these improvements were reflected in the vital statistics of the period. The standardised death rate in England and Wales fell from 13.8 on the eve of the First World War to 9.3 in 1937, and average life expectancy increased by more than ten years. The decline in the level of infant mortality was equally dramatic. Between 1910 and 1940 the infant mortality rate fell from 110 deaths per thousand live births to 61.0 (Stevenson, 1984, pp.117, 148, 164, 203–4, 221; Lewis, 1984, pp.150–1; Burnett, 1983, pp.298; Mowat, 1968, pp.513–14).
    LanguageEnglish
    Title of host publicationInterwar Unemployment in International Perspective
    EditorsBarry Eichengreen, T. J. Hatton
    Place of PublicationAlphen aan den Rijn
    Pages149-183
    Number of pages35
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1988

    Publication series

    NameNATO ASI Series
    PublisherKluwer
    Volume43
    ISSN (Print)0258-123X

    Fingerprint

    unemployment insurance
    infant mortality
    real wages
    food supply
    birth rate
    death rate
    First World War
    life expectancy
    health
    wife
    statistics
    housing
    death
    income
    participation

    Keywords

    • unemployment
    • insurance
    • health
    • interwar
    • britain

    Cite this

    Harris, B. (1988). Unemployment, insurance and health in interwar Britain. In B. Eichengreen, & T. J. Hatton (Eds.), Interwar Unemployment in International Perspective (pp. 149-183). (NATO ASI Series; Vol. 43). Alphen aan den Rijn. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2796-4_4
    Harris, Bernard. / Unemployment, insurance and health in interwar Britain. Interwar Unemployment in International Perspective. editor / Barry Eichengreen ; T. J. Hatton. Alphen aan den Rijn, 1988. pp. 149-183 (NATO ASI Series).
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    Harris, B 1988, Unemployment, insurance and health in interwar Britain. in B Eichengreen & TJ Hatton (eds), Interwar Unemployment in International Perspective. NATO ASI Series, vol. 43, Alphen aan den Rijn, pp. 149-183. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2796-4_4

    Unemployment, insurance and health in interwar Britain. / Harris, Bernard.

    Interwar Unemployment in International Perspective. ed. / Barry Eichengreen; T. J. Hatton. Alphen aan den Rijn, 1988. p. 149-183 (NATO ASI Series; Vol. 43).

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

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    AB - In Britain, the years between 1918 and 1939 were characterised by a fall in the birth rate and by increases in the level of real wages and in the participation rates of young married women. As a result of these changes, there was a marked increase in the real income of the average British household, and the effects of this increase were enhanced by a reduction in the number of dependants. This period was also marked by improvements in food supply and housing, and these improvements were reflected in the vital statistics of the period. The standardised death rate in England and Wales fell from 13.8 on the eve of the First World War to 9.3 in 1937, and average life expectancy increased by more than ten years. The decline in the level of infant mortality was equally dramatic. Between 1910 and 1940 the infant mortality rate fell from 110 deaths per thousand live births to 61.0 (Stevenson, 1984, pp.117, 148, 164, 203–4, 221; Lewis, 1984, pp.150–1; Burnett, 1983, pp.298; Mowat, 1968, pp.513–14).

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    Harris B. Unemployment, insurance and health in interwar Britain. In Eichengreen B, Hatton TJ, editors, Interwar Unemployment in International Perspective. Alphen aan den Rijn. 1988. p. 149-183. (NATO ASI Series). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-94-009-2796-4_4