Understanding usage patterns of electric kettle and energy saving potential

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The availability of smart metering and smart appliances enables detecting and characterising appliance use in a household, quantifying energy savings through efficient appliance use and predicting appliance-specific demand from load measurements is possible. With growing electric kettle ownership and usage, lack of any efficiency labelling guidelines for the kettle, slow technological progress in improving kettle efficiency relative to other domestic appliances, and current consumer attitudes, urgent investigation into consumer kettle usage patterns is warranted. From an efficiency point of view, little can be done about the kettle, which is more efficient than other methods of heating water such as the stove top kettle. However, since a majority households use the kettle inefficiently by overfilling, in order to meet energy targets, it is imperative to quantify inefficient usage and predict demand. For the purposes of scalability, we propose tools that depend only on load measurement data for quantifying and visualizing kettle usage and energy consumption, assessing energy wastage through overfilling via our proposed electric kettle model, and predicting kettle-specific demand, from which we can estimate potential energy savings in a household and across a housing stock. This is demonstrated using data from a longitudinal study across a sample of 14 UK households for a two-year period.
LanguageEnglish
Pages231-242
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Energy
Volume171
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

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Energy conservation
household energy
Stoves
Domestic appliances
Potential energy
potential energy
Labeling
ownership
energy
Scalability
Energy utilization
Availability
heating
Heating
energy saving
household
demand
Water
water
energy consumption

Keywords

  • appliance modelling
  • energy savings
  • appliance use prediction

Cite this

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title = "Understanding usage patterns of electric kettle and energy saving potential",
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Understanding usage patterns of electric kettle and energy saving potential. / Murray, D. M.; Liao, J.; Stankovic, L.; Stankovic, V.

In: Applied Energy, Vol. 171, 01.06.2016, p. 231-242.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Murray, D. M.

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AU - Stankovic, L.

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AB - The availability of smart metering and smart appliances enables detecting and characterising appliance use in a household, quantifying energy savings through efficient appliance use and predicting appliance-specific demand from load measurements is possible. With growing electric kettle ownership and usage, lack of any efficiency labelling guidelines for the kettle, slow technological progress in improving kettle efficiency relative to other domestic appliances, and current consumer attitudes, urgent investigation into consumer kettle usage patterns is warranted. From an efficiency point of view, little can be done about the kettle, which is more efficient than other methods of heating water such as the stove top kettle. However, since a majority households use the kettle inefficiently by overfilling, in order to meet energy targets, it is imperative to quantify inefficient usage and predict demand. For the purposes of scalability, we propose tools that depend only on load measurement data for quantifying and visualizing kettle usage and energy consumption, assessing energy wastage through overfilling via our proposed electric kettle model, and predicting kettle-specific demand, from which we can estimate potential energy savings in a household and across a housing stock. This is demonstrated using data from a longitudinal study across a sample of 14 UK households for a two-year period.

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