Unconventional ferroelectric behavior in nanosegregating liquid crystals with de Vries-like behavior

D. Nonnenmacher, M.A. Osipov, J.C. Roberts, R.C. Lemieux, F. Giesseimann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Two nanosegregating siloxane-terminated mesogens with chiral (S,S)-2,3-epoxyoctyloxy side chains (E6, E11 )have been synthesized. These compounds form chiral SmA∗ and SmC∗ phases and show an untypical behavior of the spontaneous polarization which increases with decreasing temperature in a convex manner while the tilt angle saturates. We compare these results with results obtained for two similar mesogens with chiral (R,R)-2,3-difluorooctyloxy side chains (F6, F11), which both show a typical concave curvature with decreasing temperature. A theoretical explanation is given for the unexpected temperature dependency of the spontaneous polarization. The materials also exhibited first-order SmC∗-SmA∗ phase transitions and hence, very high values of the tilt angle. All substances show increased de Vries character in the range of 50%, which is substantially higher than 20% for the nonsiloxane analogs. Furthermore, for the latter materials, second-order phase transitions are common, while the siloxane materials exhibit first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions. These results clearly suggest that the achievement of nanosegregation is a powerful tool to induce de Vries behavior and to promote first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions.
LanguageEnglish
Pages031703
JournalPhysical Review E: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics
Volume83
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2010

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Liquid Crystal
Phase Transition
liquid crystals
siloxanes
Tilt
First-order
Polarization
Angle
polarization
temperature
Curvature
curvature
analogs
Analogue
Range of data

Cite this

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title = "Unconventional ferroelectric behavior in nanosegregating liquid crystals with de Vries-like behavior",
abstract = "Two nanosegregating siloxane-terminated mesogens with chiral (S,S)-2,3-epoxyoctyloxy side chains (E6, E11 )have been synthesized. These compounds form chiral SmA∗ and SmC∗ phases and show an untypical behavior of the spontaneous polarization which increases with decreasing temperature in a convex manner while the tilt angle saturates. We compare these results with results obtained for two similar mesogens with chiral (R,R)-2,3-difluorooctyloxy side chains (F6, F11), which both show a typical concave curvature with decreasing temperature. A theoretical explanation is given for the unexpected temperature dependency of the spontaneous polarization. The materials also exhibited first-order SmC∗-SmA∗ phase transitions and hence, very high values of the tilt angle. All substances show increased de Vries character in the range of 50{\%}, which is substantially higher than 20{\%} for the nonsiloxane analogs. Furthermore, for the latter materials, second-order phase transitions are common, while the siloxane materials exhibit first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions. These results clearly suggest that the achievement of nanosegregation is a powerful tool to induce de Vries behavior and to promote first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions.",
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Unconventional ferroelectric behavior in nanosegregating liquid crystals with de Vries-like behavior. / Nonnenmacher, D.; Osipov, M.A.; Roberts, J.C.; Lemieux, R.C.; Giesseimann, F.

In: Physical Review E: Statistical Physics, Plasmas, Fluids, and Related Interdisciplinary Topics , Vol. 83, No. 3, 2010, p. 031703.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Unconventional ferroelectric behavior in nanosegregating liquid crystals with de Vries-like behavior

AU - Nonnenmacher, D.

AU - Osipov, M.A.

AU - Roberts, J.C.

AU - Lemieux, R.C.

AU - Giesseimann, F.

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N2 - Two nanosegregating siloxane-terminated mesogens with chiral (S,S)-2,3-epoxyoctyloxy side chains (E6, E11 )have been synthesized. These compounds form chiral SmA∗ and SmC∗ phases and show an untypical behavior of the spontaneous polarization which increases with decreasing temperature in a convex manner while the tilt angle saturates. We compare these results with results obtained for two similar mesogens with chiral (R,R)-2,3-difluorooctyloxy side chains (F6, F11), which both show a typical concave curvature with decreasing temperature. A theoretical explanation is given for the unexpected temperature dependency of the spontaneous polarization. The materials also exhibited first-order SmC∗-SmA∗ phase transitions and hence, very high values of the tilt angle. All substances show increased de Vries character in the range of 50%, which is substantially higher than 20% for the nonsiloxane analogs. Furthermore, for the latter materials, second-order phase transitions are common, while the siloxane materials exhibit first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions. These results clearly suggest that the achievement of nanosegregation is a powerful tool to induce de Vries behavior and to promote first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions.

AB - Two nanosegregating siloxane-terminated mesogens with chiral (S,S)-2,3-epoxyoctyloxy side chains (E6, E11 )have been synthesized. These compounds form chiral SmA∗ and SmC∗ phases and show an untypical behavior of the spontaneous polarization which increases with decreasing temperature in a convex manner while the tilt angle saturates. We compare these results with results obtained for two similar mesogens with chiral (R,R)-2,3-difluorooctyloxy side chains (F6, F11), which both show a typical concave curvature with decreasing temperature. A theoretical explanation is given for the unexpected temperature dependency of the spontaneous polarization. The materials also exhibited first-order SmC∗-SmA∗ phase transitions and hence, very high values of the tilt angle. All substances show increased de Vries character in the range of 50%, which is substantially higher than 20% for the nonsiloxane analogs. Furthermore, for the latter materials, second-order phase transitions are common, while the siloxane materials exhibit first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions. These results clearly suggest that the achievement of nanosegregation is a powerful tool to induce de Vries behavior and to promote first-order SmA∗-SmC∗ phase transitions.

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