Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of a dynamic economic evaluation model for vaccination programs

Radboud J Duintjer Tebbens, Kimberly M Thompson, MG Myriam Hunink, Thomas A Mazzuchi, Daniel Lewandowski, Dorota Kurowicka, Roger M Cooke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

With public health policy increasingly relying on mathematical models to provide insights about the impacts of potential policy options, the demand for uncertainty and sensitivity analyses that explore the implications of different assumptions in a model continues to expand. Although analysts continue to develop methods to meet the demand, most modelers rely on a single method in the context of their assessments and presentations of results, and few analysts provide results that facilitate comparisons between uncertainty and sensitivity analysis methods.
Methods vary in their degree of analytical difficulty and in the nature of the information that they provide, and analysts should communicate results with a note that not all methods yield the same insights. The authors explore several sensitivity analysis methods to test whether the choice of method affects the insights and importance rankings of inputs from the analysis. They use a dynamic cost-effectiveness model of a hypothetical infectious disease as the basis to perform 1-way and multi-way sensitivity analyses, design of experiments, and Morris' method. They also compute partial derivatives as well as a number of probabilistic sensitivity measures, including correlations, regression coefficients, and the correlation ratio, to demonstrate the existing methods and to compare them. The authors find that the magnitudes and rankings of sensitivity measures depend on the selected method(s) and make recommendations regarding the choice of method depending on the complexity of the model, number of uncertain inputs, and desired types of insights from the sensitivity analysis
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)182-200
Number of pages19
JournalMedical Decision Making
Volume28
Issue number2
Early online date18 Mar 2008
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

Keywords

  • sensitivity analysis
  • uncertainty analysis
  • cost-effectiveness analysis
  • economic evaluation
  • decision analysis
  • design of experiments
  • dynamic infection transmission model

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    Tebbens, R. J. D., Thompson, K. M., Hunink, MG. M., Mazzuchi, T. A., Lewandowski, D., Kurowicka, D., & Cooke, R. M. (2008). Uncertainty and sensitivity analyses of a dynamic economic evaluation model for vaccination programs. Medical Decision Making, 28(2), 182-200. https://doi.org/10.1177/0272989X07311752