One of the main challenges in the development of new analytical platforms for ultrasensitive bioaffinity detection is jointly achieving a wide dynamic range in target analyte concentration, especially for approaches that rely on multistep processes as a part of the signal amplification mechanism. In this paper, a new surface-based sandwich assay is introduced for the direct detection of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), an important biomarker for cardiac failure, at concentrations ranging from 1 aM to 500 nM. This was achieved using nanoparticle-enhanced surface plasmon resonance (SPR) where a DNA aptamer is immobilized on a chemically modified gold surface in conjunction with the specific adsorption of antiBNP coated gold nanocubes in the presence of the biomarker target. A concentration detection range greater than eleven orders of magnitude was achieved through dynamic control of only the secondary nanoparticle probe concentration. Furthermore, detection at low attomolar concentrations was also achieved in undiluted human serum.
- signal amplification
- surface plasmon resonance (SPR)
- chemically modified gold surface
- coated gold nanocubes