Type D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behaviour and social support

Lynn Williams, R.C. O'Connor, S. Howard, B. Hughes, D. Johnston, J.L. Hay, D.B. O'Connor, C.A. Lewis, E. Ferguson, N.P. Sheehy, Madeleine Grealy, R.E. O'Carroll

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

141 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

To (a) investigate the prevalence of type-D personality (the conjoint effects of negative affectivity and social inhibition) in a healthy British and Irish population; (b) to test the influence of type-D on health-related behavior, and (c)to determine if these relationships are explained by neuroticism. A cross-sectional design was employed; 1012 healthy young adults (225 males, 787 females, mean age 20.5 years) from the United Kingdom and Ireland completed measures of type-D personality, health behaviors, social support, and neuroticism. The prevalence of type-D was found to be 38.5%, significantly higher than that reported in other European countries. In addition, type-D individuals reported performing significantly fewer health-related behaviors and lower levels of social support than non-type-D individuals. These relationships remained significant after controlling for neuroticism. These findings provide new evidence on type-D and suggest a role for health-related behavior in explaining the link between type-D and poor clinical prognosis in cardiac patients.
LanguageEnglish
Pages63-69
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Psychosomatic Research
Volume64
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Type D Personality
Social Support
Health
Health Behavior
Ireland
Young Adult
Population
Neuroticism

Keywords

  • cardiovascular disease
  • health-related behavior
  • neuroticism
  • social support
  • type-d personality

Cite this

Williams, Lynn ; O'Connor, R.C. ; Howard, S. ; Hughes, B. ; Johnston, D. ; Hay, J.L. ; O'Connor, D.B. ; Lewis, C.A. ; Ferguson, E. ; Sheehy, N.P. ; Grealy, Madeleine ; O'Carroll, R.E. / Type D personality mechanisms of effect : the role of health-related behaviour and social support. In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 2008 ; Vol. 64, No. 1. pp. 63-69.
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Williams, L, O'Connor, RC, Howard, S, Hughes, B, Johnston, D, Hay, JL, O'Connor, DB, Lewis, CA, Ferguson, E, Sheehy, NP, Grealy, M & O'Carroll, RE 2008, 'Type D personality mechanisms of effect: the role of health-related behaviour and social support' Journal of Psychosomatic Research, vol. 64, no. 1, pp. 63-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpsychores.2007.06.008

Type D personality mechanisms of effect : the role of health-related behaviour and social support. / Williams, Lynn; O'Connor, R.C.; Howard, S.; Hughes, B.; Johnston, D.; Hay, J.L.; O'Connor, D.B.; Lewis, C.A.; Ferguson, E.; Sheehy, N.P.; Grealy, Madeleine; O'Carroll, R.E.

In: Journal of Psychosomatic Research, Vol. 64, No. 1, 2008, p. 63-69.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T2 - Journal of Psychosomatic Research

AU - Williams, Lynn

AU - O'Connor, R.C.

AU - Howard, S.

AU - Hughes, B.

AU - Johnston, D.

AU - Hay, J.L.

AU - O'Connor, D.B.

AU - Lewis, C.A.

AU - Ferguson, E.

AU - Sheehy, N.P.

AU - Grealy, Madeleine

AU - O'Carroll, R.E.

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