Two worlds colliding

a motivational and motor development perspective on youngsters' engagement in physical activity and sports

An De Meester, Johan Pion, Mireille Mostaert, Farid Bardid, Greet Cardon, Gert-Jan De Muynck, Matthieu Lenoir, Leen Haerens

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Abstract

Objectives: Physical activity (PA) is associated with many health benefits but low PA levels have been reported across the globe, even among young children. Despite evidence in support of the Self-Determination Theory (SDT, Deci & Ryan, 2000)–proposed relationships between competence satisfaction, autonomous motivation, and PA in adults and adolescents, there is only limited proof that these relationships also apply to children. Likewise, there is no conclusive evidence for the mediating effect of perceived motor competence (PMC) in the relationship between actual motor competence (AMC) and PA in children, as suggested by the conceptual model (Stodden et al., 2008). Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine whether the PA-pathways as suggested by the conceptual model and SDT apply to children. Methods: 627 children (51.67% boys, 8-13 yrs) completed validated questionnaires to assess weekly sports participation (FPAQ), PMC (SPPC), competence satisfaction (PNSE), and motivation for sports (BREQ). Children's AMC was assessed with the KTK. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to examine the theory-based pathways from AMC via PMC, competence satisfaction, and autonomous motivation to organized sports participation. Results: We found a significant, direct effect from AMC to sports participation (beta=.142, p=.001) with PMC, but not competence satisfaction or autonomous motivation, partially mediating this relationship (beta =.119, p<.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that, among children in middle and late childhood, AMC relates to sports participation and this relationship is, as proposed in the conceptual model, mediated by PMC. PMC also significantly relates to competence satisfaction and autonomous sports- motivation but the last two SDT-related constructs do not add to the prediction of organized sports participation when being integrated in the conceptual model. Based on the evidence that both AMC and PMC are crucial with respect to children's sports participation, it is recommended that physical education teachers and coaches foster both.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S59-S59
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of Sport and Exercise Psychology
Volume39
Issue number3 Suppl 1
Publication statusPublished - 30 Jun 2017
Event2017 North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity conference - San Diego, United States
Duration: 5 Jun 20178 Jun 2017

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Mental Competency
Sports
Exercise
Motivation
Efferent Pathways
Personal Autonomy
Physical Education and Training
Insurance Benefits

Keywords

  • physical activity
  • children
  • motor development

Cite this

De Meester, A., Pion, J., Mostaert, M., Bardid, F., Cardon, G., De Muynck, G-J., ... Haerens, L. (2017). Two worlds colliding: a motivational and motor development perspective on youngsters' engagement in physical activity and sports. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 39(3 Suppl 1), S59-S59.
De Meester, An ; Pion, Johan ; Mostaert, Mireille ; Bardid, Farid ; Cardon, Greet ; De Muynck, Gert-Jan ; Lenoir, Matthieu ; Haerens, Leen. / Two worlds colliding : a motivational and motor development perspective on youngsters' engagement in physical activity and sports. In: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 2017 ; Vol. 39, No. 3 Suppl 1. pp. S59-S59.
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abstract = "Objectives: Physical activity (PA) is associated with many health benefits but low PA levels have been reported across the globe, even among young children. Despite evidence in support of the Self-Determination Theory (SDT, Deci & Ryan, 2000)–proposed relationships between competence satisfaction, autonomous motivation, and PA in adults and adolescents, there is only limited proof that these relationships also apply to children. Likewise, there is no conclusive evidence for the mediating effect of perceived motor competence (PMC) in the relationship between actual motor competence (AMC) and PA in children, as suggested by the conceptual model (Stodden et al., 2008). Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine whether the PA-pathways as suggested by the conceptual model and SDT apply to children. Methods: 627 children (51.67{\%} boys, 8-13 yrs) completed validated questionnaires to assess weekly sports participation (FPAQ), PMC (SPPC), competence satisfaction (PNSE), and motivation for sports (BREQ). Children's AMC was assessed with the KTK. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to examine the theory-based pathways from AMC via PMC, competence satisfaction, and autonomous motivation to organized sports participation. Results: We found a significant, direct effect from AMC to sports participation (beta=.142, p=.001) with PMC, but not competence satisfaction or autonomous motivation, partially mediating this relationship (beta =.119, p<.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that, among children in middle and late childhood, AMC relates to sports participation and this relationship is, as proposed in the conceptual model, mediated by PMC. PMC also significantly relates to competence satisfaction and autonomous sports- motivation but the last two SDT-related constructs do not add to the prediction of organized sports participation when being integrated in the conceptual model. Based on the evidence that both AMC and PMC are crucial with respect to children's sports participation, it is recommended that physical education teachers and coaches foster both.",
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note = "Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol 39, no. 3 Suppl 1, pp. S59-S59. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.39.3.s1. {\circledC} Human Kinetics, Inc.",
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De Meester, A, Pion, J, Mostaert, M, Bardid, F, Cardon, G, De Muynck, G-J, Lenoir, M & Haerens, L 2017, 'Two worlds colliding: a motivational and motor development perspective on youngsters' engagement in physical activity and sports', Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 39, no. 3 Suppl 1, pp. S59-S59.

Two worlds colliding : a motivational and motor development perspective on youngsters' engagement in physical activity and sports. / De Meester, An; Pion, Johan; Mostaert, Mireille; Bardid, Farid; Cardon, Greet; De Muynck, Gert-Jan; Lenoir, Matthieu; Haerens, Leen.

In: Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, Vol. 39, No. 3 Suppl 1, 30.06.2017, p. S59-S59.

Research output: Contribution to journalConference Contribution

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two worlds colliding

T2 - a motivational and motor development perspective on youngsters' engagement in physical activity and sports

AU - De Meester, An

AU - Pion, Johan

AU - Mostaert, Mireille

AU - Bardid, Farid

AU - Cardon, Greet

AU - De Muynck, Gert-Jan

AU - Lenoir, Matthieu

AU - Haerens, Leen

N1 - Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol 39, no. 3 Suppl 1, pp. S59-S59. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.39.3.s1. © Human Kinetics, Inc.

PY - 2017/6/30

Y1 - 2017/6/30

N2 - Objectives: Physical activity (PA) is associated with many health benefits but low PA levels have been reported across the globe, even among young children. Despite evidence in support of the Self-Determination Theory (SDT, Deci & Ryan, 2000)–proposed relationships between competence satisfaction, autonomous motivation, and PA in adults and adolescents, there is only limited proof that these relationships also apply to children. Likewise, there is no conclusive evidence for the mediating effect of perceived motor competence (PMC) in the relationship between actual motor competence (AMC) and PA in children, as suggested by the conceptual model (Stodden et al., 2008). Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine whether the PA-pathways as suggested by the conceptual model and SDT apply to children. Methods: 627 children (51.67% boys, 8-13 yrs) completed validated questionnaires to assess weekly sports participation (FPAQ), PMC (SPPC), competence satisfaction (PNSE), and motivation for sports (BREQ). Children's AMC was assessed with the KTK. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to examine the theory-based pathways from AMC via PMC, competence satisfaction, and autonomous motivation to organized sports participation. Results: We found a significant, direct effect from AMC to sports participation (beta=.142, p=.001) with PMC, but not competence satisfaction or autonomous motivation, partially mediating this relationship (beta =.119, p<.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that, among children in middle and late childhood, AMC relates to sports participation and this relationship is, as proposed in the conceptual model, mediated by PMC. PMC also significantly relates to competence satisfaction and autonomous sports- motivation but the last two SDT-related constructs do not add to the prediction of organized sports participation when being integrated in the conceptual model. Based on the evidence that both AMC and PMC are crucial with respect to children's sports participation, it is recommended that physical education teachers and coaches foster both.

AB - Objectives: Physical activity (PA) is associated with many health benefits but low PA levels have been reported across the globe, even among young children. Despite evidence in support of the Self-Determination Theory (SDT, Deci & Ryan, 2000)–proposed relationships between competence satisfaction, autonomous motivation, and PA in adults and adolescents, there is only limited proof that these relationships also apply to children. Likewise, there is no conclusive evidence for the mediating effect of perceived motor competence (PMC) in the relationship between actual motor competence (AMC) and PA in children, as suggested by the conceptual model (Stodden et al., 2008). Therefore, the aim of the current study was to examine whether the PA-pathways as suggested by the conceptual model and SDT apply to children. Methods: 627 children (51.67% boys, 8-13 yrs) completed validated questionnaires to assess weekly sports participation (FPAQ), PMC (SPPC), competence satisfaction (PNSE), and motivation for sports (BREQ). Children's AMC was assessed with the KTK. Structural Equation Modeling was conducted to examine the theory-based pathways from AMC via PMC, competence satisfaction, and autonomous motivation to organized sports participation. Results: We found a significant, direct effect from AMC to sports participation (beta=.142, p=.001) with PMC, but not competence satisfaction or autonomous motivation, partially mediating this relationship (beta =.119, p<.001). Conclusion: The results suggest that, among children in middle and late childhood, AMC relates to sports participation and this relationship is, as proposed in the conceptual model, mediated by PMC. PMC also significantly relates to competence satisfaction and autonomous sports- motivation but the last two SDT-related constructs do not add to the prediction of organized sports participation when being integrated in the conceptual model. Based on the evidence that both AMC and PMC are crucial with respect to children's sports participation, it is recommended that physical education teachers and coaches foster both.

KW - physical activity

KW - children

KW - motor development

UR - https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.39.3.s1

UR - https://www.naspspa.com/2017-conference/

M3 - Conference Contribution

VL - 39

SP - S59-S59

JO - Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

JF - Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology

SN - 0895-2779

IS - 3 Suppl 1

ER -