Tunable diode laser spectroscopy for industrial process applications: system characterization in conventional and new approaches

W. Johnstone, A.J. McGettrick, K. Duffin, A. Cheung, G. Stewart

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Tunable diode laser spectroscopy (TDLS) can only be successfully implemented if a number of system characterization procedures and critical parameter measurements can be made accurately. These include: application of a wavelength/frequency scale to the signals recovered in time; measurement of the frequency dither applied to the laser; measurement of the relative phase between the laser power modulation and frequency modulation; determination of the background amplitude modulation for normalization purposes and measurement of required cross broadening coefficients for the host/target gas mixtures. Easy to implement, accurate and low-cost systems and procedures for achieving these are described and validated below. They were developed for two new approaches to TDLS measurements, viz the residual amplitude modulation (RAM) technique and the phasor decomposition (PD) method, but are equally applicable to all forms of TDLS. Following full system characterization using the new techniques, measurements of the absolute transmission function of the 1650.96 nm absorption line of methane over a wide range of concentration and pressure were made using the RAM technique. The close agreement with theoretical traces derived from HITRAN data validated the entire approach taken, including the system characterization procedures. In addition, measurements of a wide range of gas concentration and pressure were made by curve fitting theoretical traces to the measured transmission functions obtained using a variety of operating conditions. Again, the low errors confirmed the validity of the new methods and the system characterization/measurement procedures described here.
LanguageEnglish
Pages1079-1088
Number of pages10
JournalIEEE Sensors Journal
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2008

Fingerprint

Laser spectroscopy
laser spectroscopy
Semiconductor lasers
diodes
Amplitude modulation
dithers
modulation
Lasers
Curve fitting
Frequency modulation
curve fitting
Gas mixtures
frequency modulation
Methane
lasers
gas mixtures
Modulation
methane
Decomposition
Wavelength

Keywords

  • diode lasers
  • fiber sensors
  • fuel cells
  • gas sensors
  • laser spectroscopy

Cite this

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abstract = "Tunable diode laser spectroscopy (TDLS) can only be successfully implemented if a number of system characterization procedures and critical parameter measurements can be made accurately. These include: application of a wavelength/frequency scale to the signals recovered in time; measurement of the frequency dither applied to the laser; measurement of the relative phase between the laser power modulation and frequency modulation; determination of the background amplitude modulation for normalization purposes and measurement of required cross broadening coefficients for the host/target gas mixtures. Easy to implement, accurate and low-cost systems and procedures for achieving these are described and validated below. They were developed for two new approaches to TDLS measurements, viz the residual amplitude modulation (RAM) technique and the phasor decomposition (PD) method, but are equally applicable to all forms of TDLS. Following full system characterization using the new techniques, measurements of the absolute transmission function of the 1650.96 nm absorption line of methane over a wide range of concentration and pressure were made using the RAM technique. The close agreement with theoretical traces derived from HITRAN data validated the entire approach taken, including the system characterization procedures. In addition, measurements of a wide range of gas concentration and pressure were made by curve fitting theoretical traces to the measured transmission functions obtained using a variety of operating conditions. Again, the low errors confirmed the validity of the new methods and the system characterization/measurement procedures described here.",
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Tunable diode laser spectroscopy for industrial process applications : system characterization in conventional and new approaches. / Johnstone, W.; McGettrick, A.J.; Duffin, K.; Cheung, A.; Stewart, G.

In: IEEE Sensors Journal, Vol. 8, No. 7, 07.2008, p. 1079-1088.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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