Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons

K. Svensson, F. Mackenroth, L. Senje, A. Gonoskov, C. Harvey, B. Aurand, M. Hansson, A. Higginson, M. Dalui, O. Lundh, P. McKenna, A. Persson, M. Marklund, C.-G. Wahlström

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transverse expansion of the electrostatic sheath during target normal sheath acceleration of protons is investigated experimentally using a setup with two synchronized laser pulses. With the pulses spatially separated by less than three laser spot diameters, the resulting proton beam profiles become elliptical. By introducing a small intensity difference between the two pulses the ellipses are rotated by a certain angle, except if the spatial separation of the two laser pulses is in the plane of incidence. The rotation angle is shown to depend on the relative intensity of the two pulses. The observed effects are found to require high temporal contrasts of the laser pulses. A simple model describing how the transverse shape of the electron sheath on the rear of the target depends on the relative intensity between the foci is presented. The model assumptions are verified and the unknown dependence of the transverse extents of the sheaths are estimated self-consistently through a series of high resolution, two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. The results predicted by the model
are also shown to be consistent with those obtained from the experiment.
LanguageEnglish
Article number123109
Number of pages5
JournalPhysics of Plasmas
Volume24
Early online date12 Dec 2017
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Dec 2017

Fingerprint

sheaths
expansion
protons
pulses
lasers
electrons
ellipses
proton beams
incidence
electrostatics
high resolution
profiles
cells
simulation

Keywords

  • electrostatic sheath
  • laser acceleration
  • proton beam

Cite this

Svensson, K., Mackenroth, F., Senje, L., Gonoskov, A., Harvey, C., Aurand, B., ... Wahlström, C-G. (2017). Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons. Physics of Plasmas, 24, [123109]. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010173
Svensson, K. ; Mackenroth, F. ; Senje, L. ; Gonoskov, A. ; Harvey, C. ; Aurand, B. ; Hansson, M. ; Higginson, A. ; Dalui, M. ; Lundh, O. ; McKenna, P. ; Persson, A. ; Marklund, M. ; Wahlström, C.-G. / Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons. In: Physics of Plasmas. 2017 ; Vol. 24.
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Svensson, K, Mackenroth, F, Senje, L, Gonoskov, A, Harvey, C, Aurand, B, Hansson, M, Higginson, A, Dalui, M, Lundh, O, McKenna, P, Persson, A, Marklund, M & Wahlström, C-G 2017, 'Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons' Physics of Plasmas, vol. 24, 123109. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010173

Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons. / Svensson, K.; Mackenroth, F.; Senje, L.; Gonoskov, A.; Harvey, C.; Aurand, B.; Hansson, M.; Higginson, A.; Dalui, M.; Lundh, O.; McKenna, P.; Persson, A.; Marklund, M.; Wahlström, C.-G.

In: Physics of Plasmas, Vol. 24, 123109, 12.12.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons

AU - Svensson, K.

AU - Mackenroth, F.

AU - Senje, L.

AU - Gonoskov, A.

AU - Harvey, C.

AU - Aurand, B.

AU - Hansson, M.

AU - Higginson, A.

AU - Dalui, M.

AU - Lundh, O.

AU - McKenna, P.

AU - Persson, A.

AU - Marklund, M.

AU - Wahlström, C.-G.

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AB - Transverse expansion of the electrostatic sheath during target normal sheath acceleration of protons is investigated experimentally using a setup with two synchronized laser pulses. With the pulses spatially separated by less than three laser spot diameters, the resulting proton beam profiles become elliptical. By introducing a small intensity difference between the two pulses the ellipses are rotated by a certain angle, except if the spatial separation of the two laser pulses is in the plane of incidence. The rotation angle is shown to depend on the relative intensity of the two pulses. The observed effects are found to require high temporal contrasts of the laser pulses. A simple model describing how the transverse shape of the electron sheath on the rear of the target depends on the relative intensity between the foci is presented. The model assumptions are verified and the unknown dependence of the transverse extents of the sheaths are estimated self-consistently through a series of high resolution, two-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations. The results predicted by the modelare also shown to be consistent with those obtained from the experiment.

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Svensson K, Mackenroth F, Senje L, Gonoskov A, Harvey C, Aurand B et al. Transverse expansion of the electron sheath during laser acceleration of protons. Physics of Plasmas. 2017 Dec 12;24. 123109. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5010173