Transmission across the water-air interface: resolving the impact of multiple interactions at the sea surface

David McKee, Jacek Piskozub

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A series of Monte Carlo and HydroLight radiative transfer simulations are used to demonstrate that the traditional form of the Fresnel transmission across the water-air interface is accurate. This contradicts assertions to the contrary in a recent paper [Opt. Express 25, 27086 (2017)] that suggested that the impact of multiple surface interactions had previously been ignored and that the transmission factor was dependent upon the turbidity of the water.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1296-1303
Number of pages8
JournalOptics Express
Issue number2
Early online date7 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jan 2021


  • Monte Carlo simulation
  • HydroLight radiative transfer simulation
  • Fresnel transmission
  • water-air interface

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