Translational aspects of sphingosine 1-phosphate biology

Susan Pyne, Nigel J Pyne

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

59 Citations (Scopus)


Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive lipid that has both physiological and pathophysiological roles. It regulates cellular processes such as proliferation, migration, survival and differentiation and affects all organ systems. S1P not only activates S1P-specific receptors to initiate cellular signalling pathways but also directly regulates specific intracellular target proteins. The therapeutic opportunities surrounding S1P signalling are numerous and exemplified by the recent approval of FTY720 (a sphingosine analogue, Gilenya™) for the treatment of relapsing multiple sclerosis. A major focus of research is to develop small-molecule antagonists/agonists/inhibitors that are specific to the different S1P receptor subtypes and the enzymes that regulate S1P levels. This review describes fundamental aspects of S1P biology with an emphasis on the translational potential of intervention therapeutics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-472
JournalTrends in Molecular Medicine
Early online date21 Apr 2011
Publication statusPublished - 2011


  • intervention therapeutics
  • S1P
  • Sphingosine 1-phosphate
  • bioactive lipid


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