Translation of an experimental oral vaccine formulation into a commercial product.

Katharine Carter, Valerie Ferro, James Alexander , Alexander Mullen

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


An effective experimental vaccine may fail to become a therapeutic reality for a number of scientific, regulatory or commercial reasons. In this review, we share some of our personal experiences as University-based researchers and provide an account of some of the problems that we have encountered during preliminary scale-up and assessment of an oral influenza vaccine formulation. Many of the problems we have faced have been non-scientific and related to identifying project-funding sources, finding suitable contract manufacturing companies that are GMP compliant, and protecting intellectual property generated from the scientific studies. The review is intended as a practical guide that will allow other researchers to adopt effective strategies to permit the translation of an effective experimental formulation to a viable commercial product.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationMethods.
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 2006


  • vaccines


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