Towards the development of a wearable electrical impedance tomography system: a study about the suitability of a low power bioimpedance front-end

Matteo Menolotto, Stefano Rossi, Paolo Dario, Luigi Della Torre

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Wearable systems for remote monitoring of physiological parameter are ready to evolve towards wearable imaging systems. The Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) allows the non-invasive investigation of the internal body structure. The characteristics of this low-resolution and lowcost technique match perfectly with the concept of a wearable imaging device. On the other hand low power consumption, which is a mandatory requirement for wearable systems, is not usually discussed for standard EIT applications. In this work a previously developed low power architecture for a wearable bioimpedance sensor is applied to EIT acquisition and reconstruction, to evaluate the impact on the image of the limited signal to noise ratio (SNR), caused by low power design. Some anatomical models of the chest, with increasing geometric complexity, were developed, in order to evaluate and calibrate, through simulations, the parameters of the reconstruction algorithms provided by Electrical Impedance Diffuse Optical Reconstruction Software (EIDORS) project. The simulation results were compared with experimental measurements taken with our bioimpedance device on a phantom reproducing chest tissues properties. The comparison was both qualitative and quantitative through the application of suitable figures of merit; in this way the impact of the noise of the low power front-end on the image quality was assessed. The comparison between simulation and measurement results demonstrated that, despite the limited SNR, the device is accurate enough to be used for the development of an EIT based imaging wearable system.

LanguageEnglish
Title of host publication2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015
Pages3133-3136
Number of pages4
ISBN (Electronic)9781424492718
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Nov 2015
Event37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015 - Milan, Italy
Duration: 25 Aug 201529 Aug 2015

Conference

Conference37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015
CountryItaly
CityMilan
Period25/08/1529/08/15

Fingerprint

Acoustic impedance
Electric Impedance
Tomography
Signal-To-Noise Ratio
Equipment and Supplies
Signal to noise ratio
Thorax
Anatomic Models
Imaging techniques
Physiologic Monitoring
Imaging systems
Image quality
Noise
Electric power utilization
Software
Tissue
Monitoring

Keywords

  • wearable systems
  • EIT
  • healthcare monitoring

Cite this

Menolotto, M., Rossi, S., Dario, P., & Della Torre, L. (2015). Towards the development of a wearable electrical impedance tomography system: a study about the suitability of a low power bioimpedance front-end. In 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015 (pp. 3133-3136). [7319056] https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319056
Menolotto, Matteo ; Rossi, Stefano ; Dario, Paolo ; Della Torre, Luigi. / Towards the development of a wearable electrical impedance tomography system : a study about the suitability of a low power bioimpedance front-end. 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015. 2015. pp. 3133-3136
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Menolotto, M, Rossi, S, Dario, P & Della Torre, L 2015, Towards the development of a wearable electrical impedance tomography system: a study about the suitability of a low power bioimpedance front-end. in 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015., 7319056, pp. 3133-3136, 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015, Milan, Italy, 25/08/15. https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319056

Towards the development of a wearable electrical impedance tomography system : a study about the suitability of a low power bioimpedance front-end. / Menolotto, Matteo; Rossi, Stefano; Dario, Paolo; Della Torre, Luigi.

2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015. 2015. p. 3133-3136 7319056.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

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AB - Wearable systems for remote monitoring of physiological parameter are ready to evolve towards wearable imaging systems. The Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) allows the non-invasive investigation of the internal body structure. The characteristics of this low-resolution and lowcost technique match perfectly with the concept of a wearable imaging device. On the other hand low power consumption, which is a mandatory requirement for wearable systems, is not usually discussed for standard EIT applications. In this work a previously developed low power architecture for a wearable bioimpedance sensor is applied to EIT acquisition and reconstruction, to evaluate the impact on the image of the limited signal to noise ratio (SNR), caused by low power design. Some anatomical models of the chest, with increasing geometric complexity, were developed, in order to evaluate and calibrate, through simulations, the parameters of the reconstruction algorithms provided by Electrical Impedance Diffuse Optical Reconstruction Software (EIDORS) project. The simulation results were compared with experimental measurements taken with our bioimpedance device on a phantom reproducing chest tissues properties. The comparison was both qualitative and quantitative through the application of suitable figures of merit; in this way the impact of the noise of the low power front-end on the image quality was assessed. The comparison between simulation and measurement results demonstrated that, despite the limited SNR, the device is accurate enough to be used for the development of an EIT based imaging wearable system.

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Menolotto M, Rossi S, Dario P, Della Torre L. Towards the development of a wearable electrical impedance tomography system: a study about the suitability of a low power bioimpedance front-end. In 2015 37th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, EMBC 2015. 2015. p. 3133-3136. 7319056 https://doi.org/10.1109/EMBC.2015.7319056