Towards a teachers' augmented reality competencies (TARC) framework

Stavros A. Nikou, Maria Perifanou, Anastasios A. Economides

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution book

4 Citations (Scopus)
48 Downloads (Pure)


Augmented reality, the technology that augments real environments with virtual components, is constantly evolving. Augmented reality (AR) has the potential to offer immersive, authentic, and meaningful learning experiences to students and therefore enhance learning. However, the effective integration of augmented reality into teaching requires from teachers to master a special set of digital competencies. The current study proposes a framework that defines the augmented reality competencies that teachers should have in order to effectively integrate augmented reality into their teaching. The framework comprises four dimensions: basic augmented reality literacies, create, use, and manage augmented reality learning resources. Based on the proposed framework, the study introduces also the Teachers' Augmented Reality Competencies (TARC) questionnaire that can help educators to self-assess and develop their AR competencies in order to integrate augmented reality in their practice.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationNew Realities, Mobile Systems and Applications - Proceedings of the 14th IMCL Conference
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the 14th IMCL Conference
EditorsMichael E. Auer, Thrasyvoulos Tsiatsos
Place of PublicationCham, Switzerland
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)9783030962968
ISBN (Print)9783030962951
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2022
EventInternational Conference on Interactive Mobile Communication, Technologies and Learning: "New Realities, Mobile Systems and Applications" - Thessaloniki, Greece
Duration: 4 Nov 20215 Nov 2021

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Networks and Systems
Volume411 LNNS
ISSN (Print)2367-3370
ISSN (Electronic)2367-3389


ConferenceInternational Conference on Interactive Mobile Communication, Technologies and Learning
Abbreviated titleIMCL2021
Internet address


  • augmented reality (AR)
  • teacher training
  • framework
  • digital competencies


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