Toward a broader measurement of international entrepreneurship

Pavlos Dimitratos, Georg Nakos, Sean Ennis, Emmanuella Plakoyiannaki, S.A. Zahra (Editor), Colin Mason (Editor), P. Greene (Editor), R.T. Harrison (Editor), M. Lerner (Editor)

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In this paper, we suggest six dimensions that the international entrepreneurship construct should capture in order to be operationalized and measured holistically: international market orientation (comprising international customer orientation, interfunctional coordination and competitor orientation), international learning orientation, international innovation propensity, international risk attitude, international networking orientation and international motivation. We propose that these six dimensions make up the 'international entrepreneurial culture' of the firm. In doing so, we aim at a comprehensive operationalization of international entrepreneurship that extends the typical three-dimensional measurement of 'entrepreneurial style' (based mainly on Miller & Friesen, 1982: Strategic Management Journal), highlighting the international aspects of this phenomenon.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFrontiers of entrepreneurship research 2004 : proceedings of the twenty-fourth annual entrepreneurship research conference
Place of PublicationBabson Park, USA
Publication statusPublished - 2004


  • international entrepreneurship
  • international market orientation
  • international customer orientation
  • interfunctional coordination
  • competitor orientation
  • innovation propensity
  • risk attitude
  • networking orientation
  • international motivation


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