Time-dependent variational approach for Bose-Einstein condensates with nonlocal interaction

Fernando Haas, Bengt Eliasson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The nonlinear dynamics of self-bound Bose-Einstein matter waves under the action of an attractive nonlocal and a repulsive local interaction is analyzed by means of a time-dependent variational formalism. The mean-field model described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation is reduced to a single second-order conservative ordinary differential equation admitting a potential function. The stable fixed points and the linear oscillation frequencies of the breather modes are determined. The chosen nonlocal interactions are a Gaussian-shaped potential and a van der Waals-like potential. The variational solutions are compared with direct numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, for each of these nonlocalities. The spatio-temporal frequency spectra of linear waves are also determined.
LanguageEnglish
Article number175302
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics
Volume51
Early online date26 Jul 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Aug 2018

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Bose-Einstein condensates
interactions
direct numerical simulation
differential equations
formalism
oscillations

Keywords

  • Bose Einstein condensate
  • variational approach
  • Gross-Pitaevskii equation

Cite this

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AU - Eliasson, Bengt

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N2 - The nonlinear dynamics of self-bound Bose-Einstein matter waves under the action of an attractive nonlocal and a repulsive local interaction is analyzed by means of a time-dependent variational formalism. The mean-field model described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation is reduced to a single second-order conservative ordinary differential equation admitting a potential function. The stable fixed points and the linear oscillation frequencies of the breather modes are determined. The chosen nonlocal interactions are a Gaussian-shaped potential and a van der Waals-like potential. The variational solutions are compared with direct numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, for each of these nonlocalities. The spatio-temporal frequency spectra of linear waves are also determined.

AB - The nonlinear dynamics of self-bound Bose-Einstein matter waves under the action of an attractive nonlocal and a repulsive local interaction is analyzed by means of a time-dependent variational formalism. The mean-field model described by the Gross-Pitaevskii equation is reduced to a single second-order conservative ordinary differential equation admitting a potential function. The stable fixed points and the linear oscillation frequencies of the breather modes are determined. The chosen nonlocal interactions are a Gaussian-shaped potential and a van der Waals-like potential. The variational solutions are compared with direct numerical simulations of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, for each of these nonlocalities. The spatio-temporal frequency spectra of linear waves are also determined.

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