Three-dimensional peridynamic model to predict fracture evolution during lithiation process

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Due to large electric capacity, silicon has become one of the most promising electrode materials for lithium-ion batteries. However, silicon experiences large volumetric expansion and material stiffness reduction during charging process. This will lead to fracture and failure of lithium-ion batteries. Damage formation and evolution inside the electrode are influenced by lithium-ion concentration and electrode material. High stress gradients induced by heterogeneous deformation will lead to massive migration of lithium-ion towards high geometrical singularity regions, such as crack edge regions, which increases the lithium-ion concentration. Therefore, fully coupled mechanical-diffusion equations are important in describing the mechanics of t his problem. In this study, the three-dimensional peridynamic theory is presented to solve the coupled field problem. Besides, the newly developed peridynamic differential operator concept is utilized to convert partial differential equations into peridynamic form for the diffusion equation. Spherical and cylindrical shaped energy storage structures with different pre-existing penny-shaped cracks are considered to demonstrate the capability of the developed framework. It is shown that peridynamic theory is a suitable tool to predict crack evolution during lithiation process.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1461
Number of pages22
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 5 Jun 2018


  • lithium-ion battery
  • fracture analysis
  • peridynamics
  • pressure grdient effect


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